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History and prospect of Islamic criminal law with respect to the human rights

von Mohamed Al Awabdeh

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[1.] Maa/Fragment 025 05 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-16 14:14:15 WiseWoman
Constitutional Rights Foundation 2001, Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 25, Zeilen: 5-22
Quelle: Constitutional Rights Foundation 2001
Seite(n): 1 (Internetquelle), Zeilen: -
4.5. Crimes mentioned in Koran and the Sunnah

The classic Sharia identified the most serious crimes as those mentioned in the Koran. “These were considered sins against Allah and carried mandatory punishments.”.22 These crimes and punishments are:

Adultery: death by stoning.

Highway robbery: execution; crucifixion; exile; imprisonment; or right hand and left foot cut off.

Theft: right hand cut off (second offence: left foot cut off; imprisonment for further offences).

Slander: 80 lashes

Drinking wine or any other intoxicant.

Apostasy.

Rebellion.

Crimes against the person included murder and bodily injury. In these cases, the victim or his male next of kin had the "right of retaliation" where this was possible. This meant, for example, that the male next of kin of a murder victim could execute the murderer after his trial (usually by cutting off his head with a sword). “If someone lost the sight of an eye in an attack, he could retaliate by [putting a red-hot needle into the eye of his attacker who had been found guilty by the law”23.]


22 Tahir, Mohamood, Criminal law in Islam, Delhi 1996, 62ff.

[23 Said, Sabig, Fiqh Al Sunnah, Cairo 1953, 330ff.]

Criminal Law

The classic Sharia identified the most serious crimes as those mentioned in the Koran. These were considered sins against Allah and carried mandatory punishments. Some of these crimes and punishments were:

• adultery: death by stoning.

• highway robbery: execution; crucifixion; exile; imprisonment; or right hand and left foot cut off.

• theft: right hand cut off (second offense: left foot cut off; imprisonment for further offenses).

• slander: 80 lashes

• drinking wine or any other intoxicant: 80 lashes.

Officials of the caliph carried out the penalties for these crimes.

Crimes against the person included murder and bodily injury. In these cases, the victim or his male next of kin had the "right of retaliation" where this was possible. This meant, for example, that the male next of kin of a murder victim could execute the murderer after his trial (usually by cutting off his head with a sword). If someone lost the sight of an eye in an attack, he could retaliate by putting a red-hot needle into the eye of his attacker who had been found guilty by the law.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), WiseWoman


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