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History and prospect of Islamic criminal law with respect to the human rights

von Mohamed Al Awabdeh

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[1.] Maa/Fragment 045 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-10 15:22:11 Graf Isolan
Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Stockman 1998, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 45, Zeilen: 1-17, 19-21
Quelle: Stockman 1998
Seite(n): 1 (Internetquelle), Zeilen: -
[The hadith became a major pillar of the] Muslim tradition, supplementing the Koran itself when it was silent about a crucial matter.46

The reign of Muhammad over the Muslim community is viewed as the golden age of Islam. The philosophy of Plato, of all people, gives us a model for how Muhammad is viewed: as a just king. In The Republic, Plato discusses the ideal form of government, which he says is rule by a perfect king, one who insures that justice is established, that economic disparities are reduced, and that makes just laws.47 Muslim scholars, when they translated The Republic into Arabic, understood this idea as fitting Muhammad perfectly. Muslims look back with nostalgia to the early days of their community, and seek to reform modern Islamic society to fit the seventh century pattern.

This is an extremely important difference between Islam and Christianity. Christians view the perfect kingdom as something Christ will establish in the latter days; therefore their golden age is still ahead of them. Some see this golden age in very secular terms, as the product of steady social progress. Muslims, however, have their ideal society in the past, and they constantly seek to emulate that example. [...] However, whether the world, or even any segment of it can reproduce that golden age before God's Judgment Day comes, remains an open question.48


46 Endreß, Gerhard, Einführung in die islamische Geschichte, München 1982, 342ff

47 Compare to Ostenfeld, Eric Nils, Essays on Plato’s Republic, Aarhus 1997, 46ff

48 Serajuddin, Alamgir Muhammad, Sharia Law and Society, Oxford 1999, 109ff

The hadth became a major pillar of the Muslim tradition, supplementing the Qur'an itself when the Qur'an was silent about a crucial matter.

Above all else, the reign of Muhammad over the Muslim community is viewed as the golden age of Islam. The philosophy of Plato, of all people, gives us a model for how Muhammad is viewed: as a just king. In The Republic, Plato discusses the ideal form of government, which he says is rule by a perfect king, one who insures that justice is established, that economic disparities are reduced, and who makes just laws. Muslim scholars, when they translated The Republic into Arabic, understood this idea as fitting Muhammad perfectly. Muslims look back with nostalgia to the early days of their community, and seek to reform modern Islamic society to fit the seventh century pattern. This is an extremely important difference between Islam and Christianity. Christians view the perfect kingdom as something Christ will establish in the latter days; therefore their golden age is still ahead of them. Some see this golden age in very secular terms, as the product of steady social progress. Muslims, however, have their ideal society in the past, and they constantly seek to emulate that example. Whether the world, or even any segment of it, can reproduce that golden age, before God's Judgment Day comes, is an open question.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02


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