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History and prospect of Islamic criminal law with respect to the human rights

von Mohamed Al Awabdeh

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[1.] Maa/Fragment 082 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-09 21:53:31 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, OWR Hanafiyyah 2001, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
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Graf Isolan
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 82, Zeilen: 1-8
Quelle: OWR Hanafiyyah 2001
Seite(n): 1 (Internetquelle), Zeilen: -
[Under the Ottomans,] Hanafites were appointed judge and sent from Istanbul, even to countries where the population followed another madhhab. Consequently, the Hanafi madhhab became the only authoritative code of law in the public life and official administration of justice in all the provinces of the Ottoman Empire111. Even today the Hanafi code prevails in the former Ottoman countries like Jordan. It is also dominant in Central Asia and India. There are no official figures for the number of followers of the Hanafi School of law. However, it is followed by the vast majority of people in the Muslim world.

111 Yozsef, Mousa, Abu Hanifeh , Baghdad 1982, 171ff.

Under the Ottomans the judgement-seats were occupied by Hanafites sent from Istanbul, even in countries where the population followed another madhhab. Consequently, the Hanafi madhhab became the only authoritative code of law in the public life and official administration of justice in all the provinces of the Ottoman empire. Even today the Hanafi code prevails in the former Ottoman countries. It is also dominant in Central Asia and India.

[...]

Adherence

There are no official figures for the number of followers of the Hanafi school of law. It is followed by the vast majority of people in the Muslim world.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02

[2.] Maa/Fragment 082 08 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-09 22:01:49 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, Mumtaz Ali 2000, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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The big advantage of the Hanafi School (Fiqh) results from the fact that it is easier to understand and act upon than the other systems of Fiqh.

The Koran repeatedly underlines the assumption that God wishes to be gentle and not strict with his followers. The Prophet declared that he had come to the people with a gentle and easy Sharia. Following this, it is Islam's special pride in comparison with other religions, as often stated by Muslim scholars, that it is far removed from principles like monasticism; that its ritual is not rigorous and that its enjoinments are easy to understand and act upon. Within this context, the Hanafi Fiqh is superior to its rivals on similar grounds. So well known is the fact that Hanafi Fiqh is easy and liberal that poets and writers often employ it as a proverb. A rather curious example of this is a simile used by the Islam scholar Anwari, in which he speaks of the liberties allowed by Abu Hanifah.112 The simile occurs in an improper context, but the point it makes is clear. On any question - whether pertaining to the duties of worship or to worldly transactions - one finds Abu Hanifah's precepts easy and gentle and those of the other imams difficult and harsh. This becomes evident if one looks at the rules regarding theft for illustration purpose. Those were laid down in the Kitab al-Jinayat (The Criminal Code) and the Kitab al-Hudod (the Penal Code).


112 Anwari, M., Die Zeichen Gottes. Die religiöse Welt des Islam, München 1995, 46ff.

[Seite 3]

The second distinguishing feature of Hanafi Fiqh is that it is easier to understand and act upon than the other systems of Fiqh.

The Qur'an says repeatedly: "God wishes to be gentle, and not strict with you." The Prophet declared: "I come to you with a gentle and easy Shariah." It is Islam's special pride in comparison with other religions that it is far removed from monasticism, that its ritual is not rigorous, that its enjoinments are easy to understand and act upon.

Hanafi Fiqh is superior to its rivals on similar grounds.

So well known is the fact that Hanafi Fiqh is easy and liberal that poets and writers often employ it as a proverb. A rather curious example of this is a simile used by Anwari, an obscene and unbridled poet, in which he speaks of "the liberties allowed by Abu Hanifah." The simile occurs in an improper context, but the point it

[Seite 4]

makes is clear. On any question, whether pertaining to the duties of worship or to worldly transactions, one finds Abu Hanifah's precepts easy and gentle and those of the other imams difficult and harsh. Let me by way of illustration take the rules regarding theft, laid down in the Kitab al-Jinayat (the Criminal Code) and the Kitab al-Hudud (the Penal Code).

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02


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