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History and prospect of Islamic criminal law with respect to the human rights

von Mohamed Al Awabdeh

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[1.] Maa/Fragment 088 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-10 15:14:23 Graf Isolan
Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, OWR Hanbaliyyah 2000, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Graf Isolan
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Seite: 88, Zeilen: 1-3, 7-24
Quelle: OWR Hanbaliyyah 2000
Seite(n): 1 (Internetquelle), Zeilen: -
Thus, his major contribution to Islamic scholarship is a collection of fifty thousand traditions known as Musnadul-Imam Hanbal118. [...]

In spite of the importance of Hanbal's work his school did not enjoy the popularity of the three preceding Sunni Schools of Law. Hanbal's followers were regarded as reactionary and troublesome on account of their reluctance to give personal opinion on matters of law, their rejection of analogy, their fanatic intolerance of views other than their own, and their exclusion of opponents from power and judicial office. Their unpopularity led to periodic bouts of persecution against them. The later history of the school has been characterised by fluctuations in their fortunes. However, latter Hanbali scholars such as Ibn Taymiyya (died in 1328) and Ibn Qayyim al-Jouzia (died in 1350) did display more tolerance to other views than their predecessors and were instrumental in making the teachings of Hanbali more generally accessible119.

From time to time Hanbaliyyah became an active and numerically strong school in certain. areas under the jurisdiction of the 'Abbassid Caliphate. Nevertheless, its importance gradually declined under the Ottoman Turks. On the other side, the emergence of the Wahabi in the nineteenth century in Central Arabia and its challenge to Ottoman authority enabled Hanbaliyyah to enjoy a period of revival. Today the school is officially recognised as authoritative in Saudi Arabia and areas within the Persian Gulf.


118 Nishi, Purohit, Mohamedan law, Allahabad India 1998, 41ff.


119 Abu Zahra, History of Islam Law, Cairo 1976, 358ff.

His major contribution to Islamic scholarship is a collection of fifty-thousand traditions known as 'Musnadul-Imam Hanbal'.

In spite of the importance of Hanbal's work his school did not enjoy the popularity of the three preceding Sunni schools of law. Hanbal's followers were regarded as reactionary and troublesome on account of their reluctance to give personal opinion on matters of law, their rejection of analogy, their fanatic intolerance of views other than their own, and their exclusion of opponents from power and judicial office. Their unpopularity led to periodic bouts of persecution against them.

The later history of the school has been characterised by fluctuations in their fortunes. Hanbali scholars such as Ibn Taymiyya (d.1328) and Ibn Qayyim al-Jouzia (d.1350), did display more tolerance to other views than their predecessors and were instrumental in making the teachings of Hanbali more generally accessible.

From time to time Hanbaliyyah became an active and numerically strong school in certain areas under the jurisdiction of the 'Abbassid Caliphate. But its importance gradually declined under the Ottoman Turks. The emergence of the Wahabi in the nineteenth century and its challenge to Ottoman authority enabled Hanbaliyyah to enjoy a period of revival. Today the school is officially recognised as authoritative in Saudi Arabia and areas within the Persian Gulf.

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(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02


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