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Investigative Data Mining: Mathematical Models for Analyzing, Visualizing and Destabilizing Terrorist Networks

von Nasrullah Memon

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[1.] Nm/Fragment 058 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-16 20:42:44 Hindemith
DCSINT 2005, Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 58, Zeilen: 1-30
Quelle: DCSINT_2005
Seite(n): 3-1, 3-2, Zeilen: p.3-1,21-31.32-36 - p.3-2,1.3-8
[Since in the case of larger structure, nearly all organizations follow the] variants of cellular organizations at strategic and tactical level to enhance security. It also facilitates better management and organization of operations.

Terror groups often require political activity and hierarchical structure to coordinate violence with a political action. It may also be necessary for a politically affiliated group to observe cease-fire agreements or avoid particular targets in support of political objectives. This can be difficult to enforce in networked organizations.

Terrorist groups can be at various stages of development in terms of capabilities and sophistication. Newer groups having fewer resources will usually lack capability and experience, and operate in permissive areas or under the control of more proficient organizations. Change in terrorist leadership may signal significant adjustments to organizational priorities and means of conducting terrorism. The terrorist groups associated with ethnic or nationalist agendas operating in one country or a localized region tend to require fewer capabilities as compared to larger groups. Larger groups can coalesce from smaller organizations, or smaller groups can splinter off from larger ones.

2.5 TERRORIST GROUP STRUCTURE

Members or supporters of terrorist organization can be classified into four types based on their level of commitments: passive supporters, active supporters, cadre, and leadership. Figure 2.1 shows how each successive level of commitment has fewer members. This pyramid diagram shows the relative number of people in each category and not the organizational structure. It is valid for either network or hierarchical organizational structure. Passive supporters may mix together with active supporters and are not aware of their actual relationship with the organization.

Within the larger structure, though, virtually all groups use variants of cellular organizations at the tactical level to enhance security and to organize for operations.

Terrorist groups that are associated with a political activity or organization will often require a more hierarchical structure, in order to coordinate terrorist violence with political action. It also can be necessary for a politically affiliated group to observe cease-fire agreements or avoid particular targets in support of political objectives. This can be difficult to enforce in networked organizations.

Terrorist groups can be at various stages of development in terms of capabilities and sophistication. Newer groups with fewer resources will usually be less capable, and operate in permissive areas or under the tutelage of more proficient organizations to develop proficiency. Change in terrorist leadership, [...] may signal significant adjustments to organizational priorities and means of conducting terrorism. Also, groups professing or associated with ethnic or nationalist agendas and limiting their operations to one country or a localized region tend to require fewer capabilities. Larger groups can coalesce from smaller organizations, or smaller groups can splinter off from larger ones.

[p. 3-2]

Section I: Terrorist Group Structure

[...]

There are typically different levels of commitment within an organization: passive supporters, active supporters, cadre, and leadership. Figure 3-1 shows how each successive level of commitment has fewer members. This pyramid diagram is not intended as an organizational picture, but to show the relative number of people in each category. This image of overall density holds true for networks as well as hierarchies. Passive supporters may intermingle with active supporters and be unaware of what their actual relationship is to the organization.

Anmerkungen

The only mention of the source is in connection with the citation of figure 2.1 on the next page (page 59). The reader is left in the dark about the origin of the text.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Hindemith


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