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Typus
KeineWertung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 53, Zeilen: 22-30
Quelle: Shelley Picarelli 2002
Seite(n): 307, Zeilen: 3-13
The network structure is not unique to this group but characterizes many other terrorist groups and many of the new transnational organized crime groups. Unlike the top-down-hierarchical structure of a mafia-type organization, newer organized crime groups such as Russian-speaking groups and terrorist groups such as the Al Qaeda function as networks. It gives organizational flexibility, reduces the possibility of penetration and provides greater efficiency. These structures make it more difficult to identify leaders. The newer criminal groups and leading terrorist [organizations resemble more modern legitimate business structures than the older corporations like Ford and the steel industry.] Such a network structure is not unique, indeed it characterizes many other terrorist groups and many of the new international organized crime groups. Unlike the top-down-hierarchical structure of traditional mafia-type organizations, organized crime groups such as the Colombian drug cartels and Russian-speaking organized crime function as loosely-organized networks of cells. The cells give organizational flexibility, reduce the possibility of law-enforcement penetration, and provide greater efficiency. Network structures also make it more difficult to identify leaders while reducing the size of the leadership within each organization. As such, modern organized criminal groups and leading terrorist organizations resemble modern, “flat” business structures rather than the multilayer organization found in older corporations such as the Ford Motor Company and the steel industry (Williams, 1998).
Anmerkungen

Some work by Shelley from 2002 is given as a reference on line 5 of this page, although it is not clear that the passage at hand is supposed to be a citation from this work. Furthermore, there is no work listed in the bibliography where Shelley is the first author.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Hindemith

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