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A critical discussion of the publication by Nasrullah Memon, David L. Hicks, Nicholas Harkiolakis and Abdul Qadeer Khan Rajput: Small World Terrorist Networks: A Preliminary Investigation

in Ellis, Allen, Petridis eds: Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XV, 339-344, Springer London (2008), →ISBN 978-1-84800-086-5 →Download


The analysis presented here (as of 30 January, 2014), including all documented findings of plagiarism, is available for →download.


The pages 339-344 of the paper have been analyzed. Page 344, however, almost only contains the list of references.


Clicking on the respective page number in the table above leads to the documentation of the text parallels on the corresponding page.

Pages in light grey contain no documented plagiarism. On pages coloured in dark blue between 0% and 50% of the text is plagiarized, on pages coloured in dark red between 50% and 75% of the text is plagiarized.


The following chart illustrates the amount and the distribution of the findings of text parallels. The colours show the type of plagiarism diagnosed:

  • rot="Verschleierung": the source of the text parallel is not given, the copied text will be somewhat modified.
  • gelb="Bauernopfer": the source of the text parallel is mentioned, but the extent and/or closeness of the copying is not made clear by the reference.

Nm4 col.png

Prominent findings of plagiarism

  • Fragment 340 01: A passage is taken verbatim from a source that is not mentioned anywhere in the paper. The authors quote the first author's PhD thesis, which, however, was published after the source.
  • Fragment 342 01: A fairly long passage is taken almost verbatim from a source that is named at the end of the passage. However, it is not clear to the reader at all, that the entire passage (in which more references are given) is taken from this source.


  • Currently there are 7 reviewed fragments documented that are considered to be violations of citation rules. For 4 of them there is no reference given to the source used („Verschleierungen“ and „Komplettplagiate“). For 3 fragments the source is given, but the extent of the used text is not made clear („Bauernopfer“).
  • The publication has 6 pages that have been analyzed. On a total of 4 of these pages violations of citation rules have been documented. This represents a percentage of 66.7%. The 6 analyzed pages break down with respect to the amount of text parallels encountered as follows:
Percentage text parallels Number of pages
No text parallels documented 2
0%-50% text parallels 3
50%-75% text parallels 1
75%-100% text parallels 0
From these statistics an extrapolation of the amount of text of the publication under investigation that has been documented as problematic can be estimated (conservatively) as about 25% of the main part of the publication.


Some of the text of the paper has been presented by the authors previously:

  • Section 3 and the beginning of section 4 (p.341: 29-39; p.342: all) can also be found in Memon et al. (2007c) (retracted)
  • Almost the entire section 1 (introduction: p.339: 19-40; p. 340: 1-26) can also be found in: Memon et al. (2007e) (retracted)

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