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Detecting Hidden Hierarchy in Terrorist Networks: Some Case Studies

von Nasrullah Memon, Henrik Legind Larsen, David L. Hicks, and Nicholas Harkiolakis

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[1.] Nm6/Fragment 477 18 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-02-11 01:34:20 Hindemith
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Quelle: Penzar et al 2005
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After the tragic terrorist attacks in New York and Washington in September, 2001, media interest in the Al Qaeda organization rose immediately. Experts and analysts all over the world started to offer various explanations of Al Qaeda’s origins, membership recruitment, modes of operation, as well as possible ways for its disruption. One could thus read or hear that Al Qaeda is “a net that contains independent intelligence”, that “functions as a swarm”, that “gathers from nowhere and disappears after action”, that is “an ad hoc network”, “an atypical organization”, and that is extremely hard to destroy, especially by traditional anti-terrorist or counterterrorist methods [1].

1. Penzar, D., Srbljinović, A.: About Modeling of Complex Networks with Applications to Terrorist Group Modeling. J. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems 3(1), 27–43 (2005)

After catastrophic terrorist attacks by kidnapped airlines on New York and Washington in September 2001 the interest for al-Qaeda terrorist organisation in public and media rose immediately. Experts and analysts all over the world started to offer various explanations of al-Qaeda’s origins, membership recruitment, modes of operation, as well as of possible ways of its disruption. [...]

One could thus read or hear that al-Qaeda is “a net that contains independent intelligence”,that it “functions as a swarm”, that it “gathers from nowhere and disappears after action”, that it is “an ad hoc network”, “an atypical organisation”, extremely hard to destroy, especially by traditional anti-terrorist methods.

Anmerkungen

The source is given at the end of the paragraph, but nothing indicates that most of the text is taken verbatim from the source.

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[2.] Nm6/Fragment 477 30 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-02-09 14:13:58 Hindemith
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According to many counterterrorism analysts today, Al Qaeda has evolved from a centrally directed organization into a worldwide franchiser of terrorist attacks [2]. Since war in Afghanistan, which significantly degraded Osama bin Laden’s command and control, Al Qaeda does appear to have become increasingly decentralized. It is now seen by many as more of a social movement than coherent organization [3].

Al Qaeda did not decide to decentralize until 2002, following the ouster of the Taliban from Afghanistan and the arrest of a number of key Al Qaeda leaders including Abu Zubaydhah, Al Qaeda’s Dean of students, Ramzi bin Al Shibh, the organizer of the Hamburg cell of 9/11 hijackers, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the [mastermind of 9/11 and the financier of the first World Trade Center attack, and Tawfiq Attash Kallad, the master mind of the USS Cole attack.]


2. Grier, P.: The New Al Qa’ida: Local Franchiser, Christian Science Monitor (2005) (July 11, 2005), http://www.csmonitor.com /2005/0711/p01s01-woeu.html (Accessed on May 26, 2006)

3. Wiktorowicz, Q.: The New Global Threat: Transnational Salafis and Jihad. Middle East Policy 8(4), 18–38 (2001)

According to most counterterrorism analysts today, al-Qa’ida has evolved from a centrally directed organization into a worldwide franchiser of terrorist attacks.7 Indeed, since the war in Afghanistan, which significantly degraded bin Laden’s command and control, al-Qa’ida has become increasingly decentralized, and is seen by some as more of a “movement” than any other form of organization.

[page 9]

Indeed, several years ago al-Qa’ida’s leaders recognized that the achievement of their ultimate goals and objectives required a more decentralized, networked approach. In 2001, following the ouster of the Taliban from Afghanistan, a number of al-Qa’ida leaders suddenly found themselves in detention centers facing long months of interrogation. Abu Zubaydah, al-Qa’ida’s “dean of students,” who directed training and placement for the group, was captured in Faisalabad, Pakistan, in February 2002. Ramzi Bin al Shibh, the organizer of the Hamburg, Germany cell that formed the core of the 9/11 hijackers, was captured in Karachi, Pakistan, on the first anniversary of the attacks. These and other counterterrorism successes ultimately led to the capture of Khalid Sheik Mohammed, the mastermind of 9/11 and the financier of the first World Trade Center attack, in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, in March 2003. And a month later, Tawfiq Attash Kallad, the mastermind of the USS Cole attack, was apprehended in Karachi.


7 Peter Grier, “The New Al Qa’ida: Local Franchiser,” Christian Science Monitor (11 July 2005). Online at: http://www.csmonitor.com/ 2005/0711/p01s01-woeu.html.

Anmerkungen

The source is mentioned only at the end of the paragraph on the next page. See Nm6/Fragment 478 01 The extent of the copied text, including the reference to Grier, does not become clear from that reference.

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