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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Manonmani Nagaraj
Titel    Evaluation of Nutrition and Management Factors in the Etiology of Pododermatitis in Broiler Chickens
Ort    Auburn (Alabama)
Datum    15. December 2006
Anmerkung    Thesis Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of Auburn University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Aae also copies Nagaraj's thanks-givings to her parents word for word. ("All this work wouldn’t have been possible without the encouragement and support of my family. I would like to thank my parents for teaching me good values, and having faith in me all through these years.")
URL    https://etd.auburn.edu/handle/10415/545

Literaturverz.   

no
Fußnoten    no
Fragmente    2


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Analyse:Aae/Fragment 001 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2015-10-24 21:10:50 Graf Isolan
Aae, Fragment, Nagaraj 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel, Verschleierung, ZuSichten

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Bearbeiter
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 1, Zeilen: 1-6
Quelle: Nagaraj 2006
Seite(n): 1, 2, Zeilen: 1:1-4, 2:9-11
1 Introduction

The transition of poultry industry from the backyard flocks of 1950’s to the current commercial form of intensive production system has led to produce poultry meat to supply for the human consumption as well as expanding export markets. The National Chicken Council recommends <30 % incidence of foot pad lesions (FPD) in commercial broiler flocks to meet the current animal welfare guidelines.

[Page 1]

I. INTRODUCTION

The transition of broiler industry from the backyard flocks of 1950’s to the current commercial form of intensive production system has led to production of poultry meat to supply for the domestic consumption as well as expanding export markets.

[Page 2]

The National Chicken Council recommends < 30% incidence of footpad lesions (pododermatitis) in commercial broiler flocks to meet the current animal welfare guidelines.

Anmerkungen

Nothing has been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan)

[2.] Analyse:Aae/Fragment 001 09 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2015-10-24 21:50:45 Graf Isolan
Aae, Fragment, Nagaraj 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel, Verschleierung, ZuSichten

Typus
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 1, Zeilen: 9-11, 13-19, 20-23
Quelle: Nagaraj 2006
Seite(n): 1, 2, 3, Zeilen: 1:9-11; 2:1-9; 3:12-13
More recently, the condition of poultry feet is used as a production criterion to evaluate the animal welfare programs implemented by commercial poultry companies. [Foot pad dermatitis is an important aspect of bird welfare, as in severe cases, the foot pad lesions may cause pain which together with a deteriorated state of health constitutes a welfare issue.] The growing demand for least-cost, wholesome and convenient food products has been the driver for the expansion and diversification of the poultry industry. Poultry feet or paws (the portion of the feet cut just below the spur), are one of the new processing by-products that has an intense demand in recent years from the Southeast Asia especially, China and Hong Kong (BERG 1998). The financial incentive and the increasing demand have led to efforts to maximize the yield and quality of the birds feet harvested. [This trade is based on a high quality product, i.e. poultry feet without severe lesions or discoloration.] Downgrading results in a precipitous drop in the quantity available for sale and the value received for the exported poultry feet. Downgrading of poultry feet due to FPD results in rejects and associated loss in the sale value of the product.

BERG, C. (1998):
Foot pad dermatitis in broilers and turkeys; prevalence, risk factors and prevention.
Doctorate thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences: Uppsala, Sweden.

[Page 1]

The growing demand for least-cost, wholesome and convenient food products has been the driver for the expansion and diversification of the poultry industry.

[Page 2]

Chicken feet or paws (the portion of the feet cut just below the spur), are one of the new processing by-products that has an intense demand in recent years from the Southeast Asia. The exports of paws to countries like China and Hong Kong alone amounts to over $200 million each year. The financial incentive and the increasing demand have led to efforts to maximize the yield and quality of the chicken feet harvested. More recently, the condition of chicken feet is used as a production criterion to evaluate the animal welfare programs implemented by commercial poultry companies [4]. Downgrading of chicken feet due to pododermatitis, results in rejects and associated loss in the sale value of the product.

[Page 3]

Downgrading results in a precipitous drop in the quantity available for sale and the value received for the exported chicken feet.


4. RSPCA, 2000. Welfare standards for chickens (Horsham, West Sussex, RPSCA).

Anmerkungen

Only slightly adapted (e.g.: "poultry" instead of "chicken") and cut up; still, nothing has been marked as a citation.

The two sentences on lines 11-13 and 19-20, respectively indeed do not stem from Nagaraj (2006) but are inspersed unmarked 1:1 citations from the mentioned thesis by Berg (1998).

Sichter
(Graf Isolan)

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