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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     A. Gorji, D. Scheller, E-J. Speckmann
Titel    The Lateral Spread of Epileptiform Discharges in Rat Neocortical Slices: Effect of Focal Phencyclidine Application
Zeitschrift    Pharmacopsychiatry
Verlag    Georg Thieme Verlag
Ausgabe    36
Jahr    2003
Seiten    113-120
ISSN    0176-3679
URL    https://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-2003-39986

Literaturverz.   

no
Fußnoten    no
Fragmente    3


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Aeh/Fragment 010 22 - Diskussion
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Cortical structures are organized to process information in a parallel manner via excitatory and inhibitory interactions within and between adjacent cortical modules (Mountcastle, 1997). Throughout the CNS, local circuit inhibition plays an integral role in both neuronal network processing and the regulation of the excitability of projection neurons.

Mountcastle VB. The columnar organization of the neocortex. Brain 1997; 120: 701-722.

Cortical structures are organized to process information in a parallel manner via excitatory and inhibitory interactions within and between adjacent cortical modules [33]. Throughout the CNS, local circuit inhibition plays an integral role in both neuronal network processing and the regulation of the excitability of projection neurons.

33 Mountcastle VB. The columnar organization of the neocortex. Brain 1997; 120: 701-722

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[2.] Aeh/Fragment 011 01 - Diskussion
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[Inhibitory circuits may] be particularly important to signal processing in cortical networks with pronounced recurrent excitatory interactions (Wong et al., 1984). This inhibition may limit the lateral spread of excitation and facilitate discharge synchronization of projection neurons by inducing a synchronous refractory period. Breakdown in the dynamic balance of inhibitory and excitatory interaction can lead to a functional disconnection (Wong and Prince, 1990) and disrupts the normal spread of lateral excitation (Grunze et al., 1996).

Grunze HC, Rainnie DG, Hasselmo ME, Barkai E, Hearn EF, McCarley RW, Greene RW. NMDA-dependent modulation of CA1 local circuit inhibition. J Neurosci 1996; 16: 2034-2043.

Wong BY, Prince DA. The lateral spread of ictal discharges in neocortical brain slices. Epilepsy Res 1990; 7: 29-39.

Wong RK, Miles R, Traub RD. Local circuit interactions in synchronization of cortical neurones. J Exp Biol 1984; 112: 169-178.

Inhibitory circuits may be particularly important to signal processing in cortical networks with pronounced recurrent excitatory interactions [53]. This inhibition may limit the lateral spread of excitation and facilitate discharge synchronization of projection neurons by inducing a synchronous refractory period. Breakdown in the dynamic balance of inhibitory and excitatory interaction can lead to a functional disconnection [52] and disrupts the normal spread of lateral excitation [20].

20 Grunze HC, Rainnie DG, Hasselmo ME, Barkai E, Hearn EF, McCarley RW, Greene RW. NMDA-dependent modulation of CA1 local circuit inhibition. J Neurosci 1996; 16: 2034-2043

52 Wong BY, Prince DA. The lateral spread of ictal discharges in neocortical brain slices. Epilepsy Res 1990; 7: 29-39

53 Wong RK, Miles R, Traub RD. Local circuit interactions in synchronization of cortical neurones. J Exp Biol 1984; 112: 169-178

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Electrophysiological recordings

Simultaneous extracellular field potentials were recorded via two glass microelectrodes (150 mmol/L NaCl; 2 - 10 MΩ) positioned at approximately 5-10 mm intervals across the length of the slice in the third cortical layer (figure 2). The reference electrode and the connection to the microelectrode were symmetric Ag-Ag-KCl bridges. Field potentials were traced by an ink writer and recorded by a digital oscilloscope. Inter-electrode distances were measured with a calibrated eyepiece through the microscope.

Electrophysiological recordings

Simultaneous extracellular field potentials were recorded via four glass microelectrodes (150 mmol/L NaCl; 2 - 10 MΩ) positioned at approximately 2 - 3 mm intervals across the length of the slice in the third cortical layer. [...] The reference electrode and the connection to the microelectrode were symmetric Ag-Ag-KCl bridges. Field potentials were traced by an ink writer and recorded by a digital oscilloscope. Inter-electrode distances were measured with a calibrated eyepiece through the microscope.

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In the abstract, on page 5 (8ff), one can read:
"Simultaneous field potential recordings of CSD were obtained from four microelectrodes placed 2-3 mm apart across coronal slices in the third layer of the neocortex."

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