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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Fons Trompenaars
Titel    Riding the Waves of Culture. Understanding Cultural Diversity in Business
Ort    New York
Verlag    McGraw-Hill
Ausgabe    Second Edition printed with corrections
Jahr    1998
URL    http://books.google.de/books?ei=iYA8TqvsFtDasga7_K0F&ct=result&id=Rj-3AAAAIAAJ&dq=riding+the+waves+of+culture+understanding+cultural+diversity+in+business&

Literaturverz.   

ja
Fragmente    14


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Cs/Fragment 086 26 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-07 10:05:29 Kybot
BauernOpfer, Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 86, Zeilen: 26-28, 102-104
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: 25-33
His research database is made up of 15 years of “training program material, and 30[FN 68] companies, with subsidiaries in 50 different countries.” In order to gather comparable samples, a minimum of 100 people with [similar backgrounds and occupations were taken in each of the countries in which the companies operated.]

[FN 68: E.g. AKZO, AMD, AT&T, Baan, Software, Elf Aquitaine, SGS/Thomson, CRA, Glaxo, Heineken, ICI, Applied Materials, Mars, Motorola, Philips, Royal Dutch Airlines KLM; the Royal Dutch/Shell Group, Sematech, TRW, Van Leer, Volvo and Novartis to name a few.]

Apart from the training program material, 30 companies, with departments spanning 50 different countries. have contributed to the research. These include AKZO, AMD, AT&T, Baan Software, Elf Aquitaine, SGS/Thomson, CRA, Glaxo, Heineken, ICI, Applied Materials, Mars, Motorola, Philips, Royal Dutch Airlines KLM; the Royal Dutch/Shell Group, Sematech, TRW, Van Leer, Volvo and Novartis, to name a few. In order to gather comparable samples, a minimum of 100 people with similar backgrounds and occupations were taken in each of the countries in which the companies operated.
Anmerkungen

Even though quotation marks are used for some part, the rest is also an exact copy of the original, which has been distributed between the main text and the footnote. By the way: what's the use of this list of firms, if the aim is to give a summary of Trompenaars' results.<br/> And on another note: CS seems not to be able to cite correctly, even if she tries to do so. In the citation it should be "departments" instead of "subsidiaries".

Sichter
Hindemith

[2.] Cs/Fragment 087 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-06 19:47:02 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 87, Zeilen: 1-5
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 1-2, Zeilen: p. 1, 30-34 - p. 2, 1-3
[In order to gather comparable samples, a minimum of 100 people with] similar backgrounds and occupations were taken in each of the countries in which the companies operated. Approximately 75 percent of the participants were in the management (managers in operations, marketing, sales and so on), while the remaining 25 percent were general administrative staff (typists, stenographers, secretaries). The database is permanently being up-dated and expanded and presently includes approximately 30000 participants. In order to gather comparable samples, a minimum of 100 people with similar backgrounds and occupations were taken in each of the countries in which the companies operated. Approximately 75% of the participants belong to management (managers in operations, marketing, sales, and so on), while the remaining 25% were general administrative staff (typists, stenographers, secretaries). The database now numbers 30.000 participants. This is twice as much as four years ago, when the first edition was published.
Anmerkungen

Word for word, until the final sentence is reached. Not marked as a citation. Only exception: "belong to management" --> "were in the management"

Sichter
Hindemith

[3.] Cs/Fragment 087 08 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-07 10:05:33 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith, WiseWoman
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Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 87, Zeilen: 8-12
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 31, Zeilen: 12, 15, 16-18, 24-27
Universalism versus Particularism

This first dimension describes the forms of relating to other people. The Universalist complies with standards that are universally agreed to by the culture in which the individual lives. “What is good and right can be defined and always applies.”[FN 69] For example, crossing the street when the light is red in a very rule-based society e.g. Switzerland or Germany. Even if [there is no traffic, you will still be frowned at.]

[FN 69: Trompenaars (1998), p. 8.]

The universal versus the particular

[...] This first dimension defines how we judge other people's behaviour. [...] At one extreme we encounter an obligation to adhere to standards which are universally agreed to by the culture in which we live. [...] Universalist, or rule-based, behaviour tends to be abstract. Try crossing the street when the light is red in a very rule-based society like Switzerland or Germany. Even if there is no traffic, you will still be frowned at.

Anmerkungen

The footnote is extremely misleading: although there is a paragraph, titled "Universalism versus particularism" on page 8, and although there you will find the phrase "What is good and right can be defined and always applies.", the wording of the surrounding text is quite different. <br/>Just read on in Trompenaars book and you will find everything else that Cs has written here (including the example of red traffic lights) in the exact same words that Trompenaars used. (Remark: The page and line numbers given above refer to the corrected second edition of Trompenaars from 1998.)

Sichter
WIseWoman

[4.] Cs/Fragment 088 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-07 10:05:35 Kybot
BauernOpfer, Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith, WiseWoman
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 88, Zeilen: 1-3
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 8 and 31, Zeilen: p. 31, 26-27; p. 8, 34-35; p.31, 21-23
[Even if] there is no traffic, you will still be frowned at. Particularist cultures pay far more attention to the relationships and unique circumstances. “X is my dear friend, so obviously I would not lie to him or steal from him. It would hurt us both to show less than kindness to one another”.[FN 70]

[FN 70: Trompenaars (1998), p. 31.]

[p. 31]<br/>Even if there is no traffic, you will still be frowned at.

[p. 8]<br/>In particularist cultures far greater attention is given to the obligations of relationships and unique circumstances.

[p. 31]<br/>"X is my dear friend, so obviously I would not lie to him or steal from him. It would hurt us both to show less than kindness to one another."

Anmerkungen

A patchwork of original phrases found scattered in two different places in Trompenaars (1998). Only for one of these a reference is given.

Sichter
WiseWoman

[5.] Cs/Fragment 088 04 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-08-14 06:08:49 WiseWoman
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, KeineWertung, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

Typus
KeineWertung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, WiseWoman, Hindemith
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Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 88, Zeilen: 4-5
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 34, Zeilen: 21-22
Trompenaars found the North Americans and most north Europeans are almost totally universalist in their approach. North Americans and most north Europeans emerge as almost totally universalist in their approach to the problem.
Anmerkungen

It's just one sentence, but it shows how unscrupulously Cs works. The sentence is taken word-for-word from Trompenaars, but has been taken out of context. In this place, Trompenaars is talking about one particular exercise and its results in different countries, not about some general observation. The outcome of the next experiment, which Trompenaars presents in his book, results in quite a different distribution. ((Remark: The page and line numbers given above refer to the first edition of Trompenaars.))

Sichter
Hindemith

[6.] Cs/Fragment 089 02 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-06 19:47:10 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 89, Zeilen: 2-6
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 50, Zeilen: 3-5, 6-9
Whereas Calvinists had contracts or covenants with God and with one another for which they were personally responsible, Roman Catholics approach God as a community of the faithful. Thus research has found that Catholics score higher on group choices and Protestants significantly lower. Hofstede´s research also confirms this. Calvinists had contracts or covenants with God and with one another for which they were personally responsible. [...] Roman Catholics have always approached God as a community of the faithful. Research has found that Catholics score higher on group choices and Protestants significantly lower. Geert Hofstede's research[FN 2] confirms this: [...]
Anmerkungen

Even though the author states that the findings are from Trompenaars, the words she uses to describe these are exactly the same as in the source without this being made visible. <br/>(CS uses another edition of Trompenaars book (one from 1998) than the one which we cite from, thus page and line numbers might differ.)

Sichter
Hindemith

[7.] Cs/Fragment 089 18 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-07 10:05:41 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel, Trompenaars 1998, Verdächtig, ZuSichten

Typus
Verdächtig
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 89, Zeilen: 18-21
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 70, Zeilen: 9-12, 22-23, 25-26, 27-29
In emotional cultures showing ones feelings e.g. smiling, laughing, grimacing, scowling and gesturing is socially acceptable, whether in corporate or private life. However, neutral cultures do not exhibit their feelings, but keep them carefully controlled and subdued.[FN 74] Trompenaars set the question in a workshop how the participants would behave if they were upset about something at work. According to Trompenaar´s findings it is least acceptable to show ones emotions in Ethiopia and Japan. Within Europe there is however a considerable variance, Austria is the most neutral (59 percent) and Spain, Italy and France (19 percent, 33 percent, 30 percent) the most emotional.

[FN 74: Trompenaars (1998), p. 70.]

Members of cultures which are affectively neutral do not telegraph their feelings but keep them carefully controlled and subdued. In contrast. In cultures high on affectivity people show their feelings plainly by laughing, smiling, grimacing, scowling and gesturing; [...]

A workshop exercise under this heading asks participants how they would behave if they felt upset about something at work. [...]

It is least acceptable in Ethiopia and Japan, [...] There are considerable variances between European countries, with Austria the most neutral (59%) and Spain, Italy and France the least (19%, 33% and 30%).

Anmerkungen

Although the reference is given, it is not made clear how much of the wording is from Trompenaars and how few is Cs's own. The take-over continues beyond the footnote. --> provisionally set to "verdaechtig", see discussion page

Sichter

[8.] Cs/Fragment 090 16 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-07 10:05:43 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 90, Zeilen: 16-20
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 83, Zeilen: 7, 3-4, 8-11
Specific versus Diffuse

The fourth dimension analyses to what degree individuals get involved in areas of life with other people. Do people strive for a specific relationship, for example segregate out the task relationship and insolate this from other dealings, or is the culture more diffusely orientated and every level of life space and every level of personality tend to permeate all others.

[l. 7]<br/>Specific versus diffuse cultures

[l. 3-4]<br/>Closely related to whether we show emotions in dealing with other people is the degree to which we engage others in specific areas of life [...]

[l. 8-11]<br/>In specific-oriented cultures a manager segregates out the task relationship she or he has with a subordinate [and insulates this] from other dealings. But in some cultures every life space and every level of personality tend to permeate all others.

Anmerkungen

Cs once again takes over large parts of sentences from the second edition of Trompenaars. This time a remnant of the first edition (the bracketed phrase "and insulates this" from Trompenaars (1995), p. 73, l.9) can also be found, though Cs introduces a spelling mistake. No citation marked.

Sichter
Hindemith

[9.] Cs/Fragment 091 13 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-07 10:05:45 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel, Trompenaars 1998, Verdächtig, ZuSichten

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Verdächtig
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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No.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 91, Zeilen: 13, 14-19
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 9-10, Zeilen: p. 9, 33-38(?) - p.10, 1-2
Achievement versus Ascription

[...] In so-called “ascription orientated” societies the status of an individual is attributed to birth, kinship, gender or age, but also to connections (who you know) and your educational record (which University did you graduate from). Achievement orientated means that the individual is regarded on what he/she has accomplished, thus the question would be “what did you study”.[FN 76]

[FN 76: Trompenaars (1998), p. 10.]

Achievement versus ascription. Achievement means that you are judged on what you have recently accomplished and on your record. Ascription means that status is attributed to you, by birth, kinship, gender or age, but also by your connections (who you know) and your educational record (a graduate of Tokyo University or Haute Ecole Polytechnique).

In an achievement culture, the first question is likely to be "What did you study?", [...]

Anmerkungen

Again, more than the footnote hints at has been taken over from Trompenaars. --> verdaechtig (see discussion page) (Hindemith)

Sichter

[10.] Cs/Fragment 092 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-08-13 21:44:17 WiseWoman
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, KeineWertung, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

Typus
KeineWertung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, WiseWoman, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 92, Zeilen: 1-2
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 94, Zeilen: 35-37
The results concluded that in English-speaking and Scandinavian countries a majority is in favour of getting things done, which shows an achieving culture. [...] because there are in fact only three societies - America, Canada and Norway - where there is a majority in favour of getting things done [...]
Anmerkungen

Here she generalizes a statement of Trompenaars which he phrased much more carefully - and where he explicitly warned against a generalization. (Remark: The page and line numbers given above refer to the first edition of Trompenaars.) I would say -- bad paraphrase, but not plagiarism (Hindemith)

Sichter
WiseWoman

[11.] Cs/Fragment 092 04 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-06 19:47:20 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel, Trompenaars 1998, Verdächtig, ZuSichten

Typus
Verdächtig
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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No.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 92, Zeilen: 4-6
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 95, Zeilen: 6-8
Furthermore Trompenaars also analysed the influence of region and discovered that there was a positive a correlation between Protestantism and achievement orientation whereas Catholics, Buddhists and Hindu cultures were more ascriptively orientated. Both figures show that there is a correlation between Protestantism and achievement orientation, with Catholic, Buddhist and Hindu cultures scoring considerably more ascriptively.
Anmerkungen

Mostly word-for-word - Cs made a typo when she wrote "region" instead of "religion", and introduced a number of grammatical errors ("Catholics, Buddhists and Hindu cultures"). No reference given to the original text, but it shows through in the stuttering "a positive a correlation", whereas the original phrasing only was "a correlation". (Remark: The page and line numbers given above refer to the first edition of Trompenaars.) --> verdaechtig (not 100% correct, but also not 100% sure, this could not count as an acceptable paraphrase -- reference is given at the end of the paragraph)

Sichter

[12.] Cs/Fragment 092 23 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-06 19:47:22 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 92, Zeilen: 23-27
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 107, Zeilen: 12-16
In particular Trompenaars examined how time is regarded and if it has its own consequences. The group was divided into two sub-groups, sequential, which regards time as a series of passing events and synchronic, where past, present and future are all interrelated so that ideas about the future and memories of the past both shape present actions. How we think of time has its own consequences. Especially important is whether our view of time is sequential, a series of passing events, or whether it is synchronic, with past, present and future all interrelated so that ideas about the future and memories of the past both shape present action.
Anmerkungen

Most of the phrasing comes from Trompenaars - no sign of this is to be found in the text. Note, however, that the "version" of Cs is much less lucid writing. (Remark: The page and line numbers given above refer to the first edition of Trompenaars, in the second edition this is found on page 123)

Sichter
Hindemith

[13.] Cs/Fragment 094 09 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-06 19:47:25 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998

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KomplettPlagiat
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Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 94, Zeilen: 9-12
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 126, Zeilen: 29-34
Most European countries score high, in fact, though not the Russians, on whom 45 years of Communism may have had some effect. Similarly the Chinese now rank much lower that the Japanese, although in Japan as in Singapore managers are far less likely to believe in internal control than they are in North America or Europe. Most European countries score high, in fact, though not the east Germans, on whom 45 years of communism may have had some effect. Similarly the Chinese now rank much lower than the Japanese, although in Japan as in Singapore managers are far less likely to believe in internal control than they are in North America or Europe.
Anmerkungen

Now it borders on the ridiculous: Cs wrote "her" thesis in 2008, but 1917+45=1962. Thus "the Russians, on whom 45 years of Communism may have had some effect" does not make any sense. In fact, the "45" - as seen above - comes from Trompenaars and refers to East Germany. Consequently, it now can be seen that the taking-over of phrases and especially the camouflage of this action - though handled amateurishly - is quite deliberate. (Note that the page and line numbers given here refer to the first edition of "Riding the Waves of Culture")

Sichter
Hindemith

[14.] Cs/Fragment 111 17 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-06 19:48:05 Kybot
Cs, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Trompenaars 1998, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan, Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 111, Zeilen: 17-19
Quelle: Trompenaars 1998
Seite(n): 50, Zeilen: 3-5, 6-7
[...] Calvinist countries had contracts or covenants with God and with one another for which they were personally responsible whereas Roman Catholics have always approached God as a community of the faithful. Calvinists had contracts or covenants with God and with one another for which they were personally responsible. [...] Roman Catholics have always approached God as a community of the faithful.
Anmerkungen

Cs correctly ascribes this assumption to Trompenaars, but she uses exactly the same words as he does in his book without making a reference to it or marking it as a quotation. (Remark: page and line numbers refer to the first edition of Trompenaars (1995))

Sichter
Hindemith

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