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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Pamela Jawad
Titel    Europe’s New Neighborhood on the Verge of War. What role for the EU in Georgia?
Herausgeber    Peace Research Institute Frankfurt
Ort    Frankfurt am Main
Jahr    2006
Nummer    74
Seiten    39
Reihe    PRIF Reports
ISBN    3-937829-37-7
URL    http://www.hsfk.de/fileadmin/downloads/prif74.pdf

Literaturverz.   

ja
Fußnoten    ja
Fragmente    5


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Gd/Fragment 066 13 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-12-18 22:48:51 Schumann
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gd, Gesichtet, Jawad 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 66, Zeilen: (9-13), 13-21, 25-30
Quelle: Jawad 2006
Seite(n): 16, Zeilen: (3-6), 9-16, 22-29
Pamela Jawad declares: “As far as individual Member States are concerned, all in all, the South Caucasus countries have lacked a lobbyist among them (…) in order to catalyze a greater interest from Brussels.”107

Different member states have different priorities. They do not have a coherent position regarding the South Caucasus. In the beginning, France and the UK have taken a critical position towards an enhanced role of the EU in the region. It was rather because of the fact that they, both, have taken an active role in their national policies. However, the UK lobbied for Georgia to be included in the ENP and even keenly advocated its EU accession after the Rose Revolution. This changing position of the UK has certainly much to do with the fact that British Petroleum (BP) had a leading position in the construction of the BTC and the BTE pipelines.108

Some Member States have called for a stronger role of the EU in the South Caucasus. Among them are Germany and several Nordic states. [...] It has launched a “Caucasus Initiative” in its development cooperation in April 2001, aimed at a better understanding between the three countries by promoting measures with a cross-border impact in five sectors: reforming the judiciary and developing civil society (municipal democracy), facilitating access to credit in the private sector, securing supplies in the energy sector, combating tuberculosis in the health sector, and preserving biodiversity.


107 Jawad Pamela – Europe’s New Neighborhood on the Verge of War. PRIF Reports No. 74. 2006. p.16

108 Jawad Pamela – Europe’s New Neighborhood on the Verge of War. PRIF Reports No. 74. 2006. p.16

As far as individual Member States are concerned, all in all, the South Caucasus countries have lacked a lobbyist among them during the 1990s in order to catalyze a greater interest from Brussels, other than e.g. the Baltic States in the shape of the Scandinavian countries, or Spain and Italy in favor of the Mediterranean states.66

[...] Particularly France and the UK have taken a critical position towards an enhanced role of the EU in the region, despite or rather because of the fact that they both have taken an active role in their national policies. Notwithstanding, the UK lobbied for Georgia to be included in the ENP and even keenly advocated EU accession after the ‘Rose Revolution’.67 Taking obvious interest in a leading position concerning energy development in the shape of the construction of the BTC and the Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum (BTE) pipelines, especially with the British Petroleum (BP) company, she has appointed her former ambassador in Moscow, Brian Fall, as UK Special Representative for Georgia in October 2002, later on for the whole South Caucasus region. [...]

Nevertheless, some Member States have called for a stronger role of the EU – especially Germany and several Nordic states. Germany, who will hold the Council Presidency in the first half of 200769, has launched a “Caucasus Initiative” in her development cooperation in April 2001, aimed at a better understanding between the three countries by promoting measures with a cross-border impact in five sectors: reforming the judiciary and developing civil society (municipal democracy), facilitating access to credit in the private sector, securing supplies in the energy sector, combating tuberculosis in the health sector, and preserving biodiversity.70


66 Cf. Halbach 2005, see above (footnote 61), p. 22.

67 Cf. Richard Youngs (ed.), Survey of European Democracy Promotion Policies 2000-2006, Madrid 2006, in: www.fride.org/eng/Publications/publication.aspx?item=1049 (accessed in 5/2006), pp. 19 and 227.

69 In this regard, an outlook on the actual working program emphasizes the relevance of energy policy for the shaping of foreign and security policy and the stabilization of the immediate geographical neighborhood as well as the promotion of freedom, democracy and free-market economies in other parts of the world; cf. Speech by State Secretary Silberberg “A Preview of Germany’s EU Presidency: The Status of the Federal Government’s Preparations” on 4 October 2006, in: www.auswaertiges-amt.de/diplo/de/Infoservice/Presse/ Reden/2006/061004-SilberbergEuropa.html (accessed in 10/2006).

70 Cf. Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, The BMZ Caucasus Initiative - Encouraging Understanding, Materials, Bonn, March 2005, in: www.bmz.de/en/service/infothek/fach/materialien/138Kaukasusengl.pdf (accessed in 5/2005), p. 13; see also www.bmz.de/de/laender/regionen/ europa_udssr/index.html#g (accessed in 5/2006).

Anmerkungen

Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

Das reguläre Zitat wurde nicht in die Zeilenzählung mit aufgenommen

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[2.] Gd/Fragment 067 03 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2016-03-09 13:58:10 Schumann
Fragment, Gd, Gesichtet, Jawad 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Jawad 2006
Seite(n): 16, 17, Zeilen: 16:29 - 17:1-2
Although it has supported the inclusion of the South Caucasus countries into the ENP; along with France, Germany has been least supportive in relation to the region’s accession in the Union. [Seite 16]

She has supported the inclusion of the South Caucasus countries

[Seite 17]

into the ENP71, but along with France has been least supportive in relation to EU accession72.


71 Concerning the ENP see page 26.

72 Youngs 2006, see above (footnote 67), p. 19.

Anmerkungen

Schließt im Original unmittelbar an die in Fragment 066 13 wiedergegebene Passage an. Daher trotz der Kürze als Verschleierung eingestuft.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[3.] Gd/Fragment 067 12 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-12-16 21:09:36 Guckar
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gd, Gesichtet, Jawad 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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Quelle: Jawad 2006
Seite(n): 18, Zeilen: 17-21
With regard to Georgia, Sweden was one of the main advocates of the latter’s incorporation into the ENP and has undertaken to double her development assistance, while emphasizing that development cooperation with Armenia and Azerbaijan, whose “will to implement political reform appears to be limited (...), should again be limited in financial scope”.111

111 Jawad Pamela – Europe’s New Neighborhood on the Verge of War. PRIF Reports No. 74. 2006. p.18

With regard to Georgia, Sweden was one of the main advocates of her incorporation into the ENP79 and has undertaken to double her development assistance, while emphasizing that development cooperation with Armenia and Azerbaijan, whose “will to implement political reform appears to be limited [...], should again be limited in financial scope”80.

79 Cf. Youngs 2006, see above (footnote 67), p. 200.

80 Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs 2006, see above (footnote 78), p. 2.

Anmerkungen

Fast identisch. Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben trotzdem ungekennzeichnet. Das Zitat, welches ursprünglich vom schwedischen Außenministerium stammt, wird durch die falsche Zitierweise Gds nun der Sekundärquelle zugeschrieben.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[4.] Gd/Fragment 069 17 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-12-16 21:10:37 Guckar
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gd, Gesichtet, Jawad 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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Poland, even before its own accession to the EU, has emphasized the “utmost importance” of the development and democratization of the South Caucasus states and initiated an “Eastern Dimension” strategy that seeks to complement the EU’s ENP.

The Baltic States, which share a common background with Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia as former members of the Soviet Union, believe they have a duty to act as mentors to other states aspiring to join either NATO or the EU. The Lithuania’s Prime Minister Algirdas Brazauskas has made a statement during his stay in Germany (May 2006) that the Baltic States, which are EU members already, have much experience to share with the countries like Ukraine, Moldova and the Southern Caucasus states. Therefore, the South Caucasus countries could benefit from the Baltic experience of transition and EU alignment.116

Estonia and Lithuania have played an important role in the deployment of “Eujust Themis” to Georgia – the EU’s first rule of law mission in the former Soviet Union under the European Security and Defense Policy.


116 Jawad Pamela – Europe’s New Neighborhood on the Verge of War. PRIF Reports No. 74. 2006. pp.17-18

[Seite 17]

The latter not only concerns Poland, who, even before her own accession to the EU, has emphasized the “utmost importance” of the development and democratization of the South Caucasus states and initiated an “Eastern Dimension” strategy that seeks to complement the EU’s ENP75, but also the Baltic States, which Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia share a common background as former members of the Soviet Union with. The Baltic countries believe they have a duty to act as mentors to other states aspiring to join either NATO or the EU.76 A statement made by Lithuania’s Prime Minister Algirdas

[Seite 18]

Brazauskas at his visit to Germany on 10 May 2006, where he met Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel, emphasizes this: “The Baltic States, which are EU members already, have much experience to share with the countries like Ukraine, Moldova and Southern Caucasus countries”77. Therefore, the South Caucasus countries could benefit from the Baltic experience of transition and EU alignment. [...] And Estonia and Lithuania have played an important role in the deployment of “EUJUST THEMIS” to Georgia, the EU’s first rule of law mission within the common European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) (see below, page 26).


75 In a speech in September 2002, Poland’s Minister of Foreign Affairs stated: “The global cooperation of the European Union and the United States for the development of trade, investment and security, including the safety of energy supplies, should be extended to cover Trans-Caucasian and Central Asian states. The devel-opment and democratization of those regions is of utmost importance for a secure world and protection of common economic interests.” Cimoszewicz, Wlodzimierz, Transatlantic relations today and in the future - A speech by Mr. Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland at George-town University, September 10, 2002, in: www.msz.gov.pl/10,wrzes-nia,2002r.,,Wystapienie,Ministra,Spraw, Zagranicznych,w,Georgetown,,Waszyngton,1271.html (accessed in 5/2006), p. 6.

76 Cf. George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Dual Enlargement and the Baltic States: Security Policy Implications, A Report of the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies Conference in Tallinn, Estonia, February 11-13, 2004, in: www.marshallcenter.org/site-graphic/lang-en/ page-pubs-conf-1/static/xdocs/conf/2004-conferences/0409/0409-report.pdf (accessed in 5/2006), p. 4.

77 Government of the Republic of Lithuania, Press Release, 10 May 2006, in: www.lrv.lt/main_en.php?id= en_aktualijos_su_video/p.php&n=132 (accessed in 5/2006).

Anmerkungen

Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

[5.] Gd/Fragment 089 22 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-12-18 23:43:15 Graf Isolan
Fragment, Gd, Gesichtet, Jawad 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Jawad 2006
Seite(n): 28, Zeilen: 5-9
The EC is mainly interested in supporting current UN and OSCE negotiation efforts and formats and believes its main contribution to conflict resolution should be assisting Georgia create a state based on European values and standards, which ultimately could be more attractive to South Ossetia and Abkhazia than independence or closer integration with Russia.152

152 International Crisis Group – Conflict Resolution in the South Caucasus: The EU’s Role. Europe Report No.173, 20 March 2006. p.11

However, the EU is more interested in supporting current UN and OSCE negotiation efforts126 and considers the promotion of European values as an indirect means to contribute to conflict resolution by helping to create a Georgian state that could be more attractive to South Ossetia and Abkhazia than independence or closer integration with Russia.

126 This was expressed by members of the EC in interviews held in Brussels on 3 May 2006.

Anmerkungen

Ohne Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Schumann

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