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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Itamar Kahn, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Justin L. Vincent, Abraham Z. Snyder, Randy L. Buckner
Titel    Distinct Cortical Anatomy Linked to Subregions of the Medial Temporal Lobe Revealed by Intrinsic Functional Connectivity
Zeitschrift    Journal of Neurophysiology
Herausgeber    American Physiological Society
Datum    2. April 2008
Anmerkung    Published online 2008 April 2: online version is used for documentation. In print: J Neurophysiol. 2008 July; 100(1): 129–139
DOI    10.1152/jn.00077.2008
URL    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2493488/?report=classic

Literaturverz.   

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Fußnoten    no
Fragmente    4


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Jm/Fragment 010 07 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-02-20 21:30:58 Schumann
Fragment, Gesichtet, Jm, Kahn et al 2008, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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Seite: 10, Zeilen: 7-13
Quelle: Kahn_et_al_2008
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: Introduction
On a larger scale, the medial temporal lobe (MTL) encompasses anatomically related structures including the the [sic] hippocampal formation and adjacent parahippocampal, perirhinal, and entorhinal cortices, which lie along the parahippocampal gyrus (collectively referred to as the parahippocampal region; see Witter et al., 2000). The complex anatomy of the MTL has led to a debate about the nature of the contributions of subregions of the MTL and whether they are associated with functionally distinct processes or act collectively as an integrated system (e.g., Eichenbaum et al., 2007; Squire et al., 2004). The MTL encompasses anatomically related structures including the hippocampal formation and adjacent parahippocampal, perirhinal, and entorhinal cortices, which lie along the parahippocampal gyrus (collectively referred to as the parahippocampal region) (see Witter et al. 2000). The complex anatomy of the MTL has led to a debate about the nature of the contributions of subregions of the MTL and whether they are associated with functionally distinct processes or act collectively as an integrated system (e.g., Eichenbaum et al. 2007; Squire et al. 2004).
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[2.] Jm/Fragment 011 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-02-20 21:32:28 Schumann
Fragment, Gesichtet, Jm, Kahn et al 2008, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Kahn_et_al_2008
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: introduction, 3rd paragraph
The importance of the MTL as a memory system is attributable to its connectivity with the broader neocortex. Multiple uni- and polymodal cortical regions project to the parahippocampal and perirhinal cortices (Burwell & Amaral, 1998; Schmahmann & Pandya, 2006; Suzuki & Amaral, 1994a). These cortical projections encompass two parallel pathways. The parahippocampal cortex receives inputs from visual association areas, retrosplenial cortex, the dorsal bank of the superior temporal sulcus, and the parietal lobe, among other regions. The centrality of the MTL memory system extends to its connectivity with the broader neocortex. Multiple uni- and polymodal cortical regions project to the parahippocampal and perirhinal cortices (Burwell and Amaral 1998; Schmahmann and Pandya 2006; Suzuki and Amaral 1994a). The cortical projections encompass two parallel pathways. The parahippocampal cortex receives inputs from visual association areas, retrosplenial cortex, the dorsal bank of the superior temporal sulcus, and the parietal lobe, among other regions.
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[3.] Jm/Fragment 012 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-02-20 21:35:10 Schumann
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Quelle: Kahn_et_al_2008
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: introduction 2.-3. paragraph
[The perirhinal cortex receives inputs including from visual areas in the] ventral temporal cortex and the ventral and dorsal banks of the superior temporal sulcus (Lavenex & Amaral, 2000; Suzuki & Amaral, 1994a,b).

[Figure 1.4]

The neocortical connections of parahippocampal and perirhinal cortices are complementary (Burwell & Amaral, 1998; Suzuki & Amaral, 1994a; see Figure 1.4). Both the parahippocampal and perirhinal cortices feed information into the entorhinal cortex. The parahippocampal cortex mainly projects to the medial entorhinal area, whereas the perirhinal mainly projects to the lateral entorhinal area. The entorhinal cortex, in turn, projects to the HF. These parallel pathways, however, are interconnected with a substantial projection from parahippocampal cortex to perirhinal cortex, in addition to connections between the lateral and medial areas of the entorhinal cortex. Thus the anatomy of the cortico parahippocampal-hippocampal system is best described as including both parallel and hierarchical components, positioning it well to integrate diverse informational sources important to memory (Burwell, 2000; Furtak et al., 2007; Lavenex & Amaral 2000; Witter et al., 2000).

The neocortical connections of parahippocampal and perirhinal cortices are complementary (Burwell and Amaral 1998; Suzuki and Amaral 1994a). Both the parahippocampal and perirhinal cortices feed information into the entorhinal cortex. The parahippocampal cortex projects largely to the medial entorhinal area, whereas the perirhinal projects largely to the lateral entorhinal area. The entorhinal cortex, in turn, projects to the hippocampal formation. These parallel pathways, however, are interconnected with a substantial projection from parahippocampal cortex to perirhinal cortex, in addition to connections between the lateral and medial areas of the entorhinal cortex. Thus the anatomy of the cortico-parahippocampal-hippocampal system is best described as including both parallel and hierarchical components, positioning it well to integrate diverse informational sources important to memory (Burwell 2000; Furtak et al. 2007; Lavenex and Amaral 2000; Witter et al. 2000).

[...] The perirhinal cortex receives inputs including from visual areas in the ventral temporal cortex and the ventral and dorsal banks of the superior temporal sulcus (Lavenex and Amaral 2000; Suzuki and Amaral 1994a,b).

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[4.] Jm/Fragment 013 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-01-13 07:15:47 Graf Isolan
Fragment, Gesichtet, Jm, Kahn et al 2008, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Kahn_et_al_2008
Seite(n): 1 (online source), Zeilen: introduction, 3rd paragraph
[These two pathways] have been heuristically related to spatial and nonspatial aspects of sensory input due to their preferential connections to parietal areas (i.e., the parahippocampal pathway) and inferior temporal areas (i.e., the perirhinal pathway), respectively. These two pathways have been heuristically characterized as relating to spatial and nonspatial aspects of sensory input because of their preferential connections to parietal areas (parahippocampal pathway) and inferior temporal areas (perirhinal pathway).
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