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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Jeffrey Joseph Starns
Titel    The effect of internal and external context reinstatement on source memory
Herausgeber    Louisiana State University
Datum    May 2004
Anmerkung    master thesis
URL    http://etd.lsu.edu/docs/available/etd-04062004-102152/unrestricted/Starns_thesis.pdf

Literaturverz.   

no
Fußnoten    no
Fragmente    3


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Jm/Fragment 020 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-01-17 20:40:04 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Jm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Starns 2004, Verschleierung

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Quelle: Starns 2004
Seite(n): iii, 2, Zeilen: iii: 2-4; 2: 18-21
[Indeed according to the Encoding Specificity Principle (Tulving, 1974; Tulving & Thomson, 1973), memory for attended aspects of an encoded event (i.e., item memory) is facilitated] when features of the encoding context are reinstated at test, thereby indicating that item and context features are bound together in memory traces (Smith, 1979). At a basic level, the Encoding Specificity Principle suggests that episodic memory will be improved when contextual cues are provided. The cues will reinstate encoding conditions, and this should increase access to all encoded information, including incidentally processed contextual details. Memory for attended aspects of an encoded event (item memory) is facilitated when features of the encoding context are reinstated at test, indicating that item and context features are bound together in memory traces (Smith, 1979).

[page 2]

At a basic level, the encoding-specificity principle suggests that source memory will be improved when contextual cues are provided. The cues will reinstate encoding conditions, and this should increase access to all encoded information, including incidentally processed contextual details.

Anmerkungen

There is no reference to the source.

Sichter
(Hindemith) Schumann

[2.] Jm/Fragment 020 11 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-01-12 21:34:51 Graf Isolan
Fragment, Gesichtet, Jm, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Starns 2004

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Quelle: Starns 2004
Seite(n): 9, Zeilen: 21-23
Retrieval cues can match both intentionally and incidentally encoded information, and each matching feature increases the summed global activation score for the set of items in memory. Retrieval cues can match both intentionally and incidentally encoded information, and each matching feature increases the summed global activation score for the set of items in memory.
Anmerkungen

No reference to the source.

Sichter
(Hindemith) Agrippina1

[3.] Jm/Fragment 107 08 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2014-01-12 21:34:45 Graf Isolan
Fragment, Gesichtet, Jm, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Starns 2004

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 107, Zeilen: 8-20
Quelle: Starns 2004
Seite(n): 27, 28, Zeilen: 27: 17ff; 28: 1ff
In response, Murnane, Phelps and Malmberg (1999) proposed a theory of cueing effects that assumes that there are three general types of information that can match between encoding and retrieval: Item information, Context information, and Ensemble information (thus, it is called the ICE theory). Item information refers to features that received focal processing at encoding (e.g., the conceptual features of the studied words). Context information refers to incidentally-processed features that are bound in a memory trace although they are not central to the memory task at hand. This type of information is also known as associated context. Ensemble information refers to contextual features that are meaningfully integrated with the item information. According to the ICE model, when associated context information is provided in a test cue, the relevant contextual feature is activated across an entire set of items in memory. However, providing integrated context information at retrieval activates contextual features that are uniquely associated with a single item in memory. Murnane, Phelps, & Malmberg (1999) have proposed a theory of cueing effects that assumes that there are three general types of information that can match between encoding and retrieval: Item information, Context information, and Ensemble information (thus, it is called the ICE theory). Item information refers to features that received focal processing at encoding (e.g., the conceptual features of the studied words). Context information refers to incidentally processed features that are bound in a memory trace although they are not

[page 28]

central to the memory task at hand; this type of information is also known as associated context. Ensemble information refers to contextual features that are meaningfully integrated with the item information. According to the ICE model, when associated context information is provided in a test cue, the relevant contextual feature is activated across an entire set of items in memory. However, providing integrated context information at retrieval activates contextual features that are uniquely associated with a single item in memory.

Anmerkungen

The reference to the source is missing.

Sichter
(Hindemith) Agrippina1

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