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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Titel    The Origins of Islamic Law
Sammlung    America Responds to Terrorism
Herausgeber    Constitutional Rights Foundation
Ort    Los Angeles
Jahr    2001
Anmerkung    "Constitutional Rights Foundation has prepared "America Responds to Terrorism," and " Reflecting on September 11 ," a series of online lessons and resources designed for classroom use. "
URL    http://web.archive.org/web/20011111021722/http://www.crf-usa.org/terror/islam_law.htm

Literaturverz.   

nein
Fußnoten    nein
Fragmente    2


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Maa/Fragment 025 05 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-16 14:14:15 WiseWoman
Constitutional Rights Foundation 2001, Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 25, Zeilen: 5-22
Quelle: Constitutional Rights Foundation 2001
Seite(n): 1 (Internetquelle), Zeilen: -
4.5. Crimes mentioned in Koran and the Sunnah

The classic Sharia identified the most serious crimes as those mentioned in the Koran. “These were considered sins against Allah and carried mandatory punishments.”.22 These crimes and punishments are:

Adultery: death by stoning.

Highway robbery: execution; crucifixion; exile; imprisonment; or right hand and left foot cut off.

Theft: right hand cut off (second offence: left foot cut off; imprisonment for further offences).

Slander: 80 lashes

Drinking wine or any other intoxicant.

Apostasy.

Rebellion.

Crimes against the person included murder and bodily injury. In these cases, the victim or his male next of kin had the "right of retaliation" where this was possible. This meant, for example, that the male next of kin of a murder victim could execute the murderer after his trial (usually by cutting off his head with a sword). “If someone lost the sight of an eye in an attack, he could retaliate by [putting a red-hot needle into the eye of his attacker who had been found guilty by the law”23.]


22 Tahir, Mohamood, Criminal law in Islam, Delhi 1996, 62ff.

[23 Said, Sabig, Fiqh Al Sunnah, Cairo 1953, 330ff.]

Criminal Law

The classic Sharia identified the most serious crimes as those mentioned in the Koran. These were considered sins against Allah and carried mandatory punishments. Some of these crimes and punishments were:

• adultery: death by stoning.

• highway robbery: execution; crucifixion; exile; imprisonment; or right hand and left foot cut off.

• theft: right hand cut off (second offense: left foot cut off; imprisonment for further offenses).

• slander: 80 lashes

• drinking wine or any other intoxicant: 80 lashes.

Officials of the caliph carried out the penalties for these crimes.

Crimes against the person included murder and bodily injury. In these cases, the victim or his male next of kin had the "right of retaliation" where this was possible. This meant, for example, that the male next of kin of a murder victim could execute the murderer after his trial (usually by cutting off his head with a sword). If someone lost the sight of an eye in an attack, he could retaliate by putting a red-hot needle into the eye of his attacker who had been found guilty by the law.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), WiseWoman

[2.] Maa/Fragment 026 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-16 14:21:07 WiseWoman
Constitutional Rights Foundation 2001, Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, Maa, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop

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KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 26, Zeilen: 1-10
Quelle: Constitutional Rights Foundation 2001
Seite(n): 1 (Internetquelle), Zeilen: -
[“If someone lost the sight of an eye in an attack, he could retaliate by] putting a red-hot needle into the eye of his attacker who had been found guilty by the law”23. But a rule of exactitude required that a retaliator must give the same amount of damage he received. If, even by accident, he injured the person too much, he had broken the law and was subject to punishment. The rule of exactitude discouraged retaliation. Usually, the injured person or his kinsman would agree to accept money or something of value ("blood money") instead of retaliating. In a third category of less serious offences such as gambling and bribery, the judge used his discretion in deciding on a penalty. Punishments would often require the criminal to pay reparation to the victim, receive a certain number of lashes, or be locked up.

23 Said, Sabig, Fiqh Al Sunnah, Cairo 1953, 330ff.

If someone lost the sight of an eye in an attack, he could retaliate by putting a red-hot needle into the eye of his attacker who had been found guilty by the law. But a rule of exactitude required that a retaliator must give the same amount of damage he received. If, even by accident, he injured the person too much, he had broken the law and was subject to punishment. The rule of exactitude discouraged retaliation. Usually, the injured person or his kinsman would agree to accept money or something of value ("blood money") instead of retaliating.

In a third category of less serious offenses such as gambling and bribery, the judge used his discretion in deciding on a penalty. Punishments would often require the criminal to pay a reparation to the victim, receive a certain number of lashes, or be locked up.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), WiseWoman

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