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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Syed Mumtaz Ali
Titel    My Love and My Choice
Herausgeber    The Canadian Society of Muslims
Ort    Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Jahr    2000
URL    http://web.archive.org/web/20000919055148/http://www.muslim-canada.org/mylove.pdf

Literaturverz.   

nein
Fußnoten    nein
Fragmente    2


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Maa/Fragment 082 08 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-09 22:01:49 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, Mumtaz Ali 2000, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 82, Zeilen: 8-26
Quelle: Mumtaz Ali 2000
Seite(n): 3-4, Zeilen: 3:re.Sp. 34ff - 4:li.Sp. 1ff
The big advantage of the Hanafi School (Fiqh) results from the fact that it is easier to understand and act upon than the other systems of Fiqh.

The Koran repeatedly underlines the assumption that God wishes to be gentle and not strict with his followers. The Prophet declared that he had come to the people with a gentle and easy Sharia. Following this, it is Islam's special pride in comparison with other religions, as often stated by Muslim scholars, that it is far removed from principles like monasticism; that its ritual is not rigorous and that its enjoinments are easy to understand and act upon. Within this context, the Hanafi Fiqh is superior to its rivals on similar grounds. So well known is the fact that Hanafi Fiqh is easy and liberal that poets and writers often employ it as a proverb. A rather curious example of this is a simile used by the Islam scholar Anwari, in which he speaks of the liberties allowed by Abu Hanifah.112 The simile occurs in an improper context, but the point it makes is clear. On any question - whether pertaining to the duties of worship or to worldly transactions - one finds Abu Hanifah's precepts easy and gentle and those of the other imams difficult and harsh. This becomes evident if one looks at the rules regarding theft for illustration purpose. Those were laid down in the Kitab al-Jinayat (The Criminal Code) and the Kitab al-Hudod (the Penal Code).


112 Anwari, M., Die Zeichen Gottes. Die religiöse Welt des Islam, München 1995, 46ff.

[Seite 3]

The second distinguishing feature of Hanafi Fiqh is that it is easier to understand and act upon than the other systems of Fiqh.

The Qur'an says repeatedly: "God wishes to be gentle, and not strict with you." The Prophet declared: "I come to you with a gentle and easy Shariah." It is Islam's special pride in comparison with other religions that it is far removed from monasticism, that its ritual is not rigorous, that its enjoinments are easy to understand and act upon.

Hanafi Fiqh is superior to its rivals on similar grounds.

So well known is the fact that Hanafi Fiqh is easy and liberal that poets and writers often employ it as a proverb. A rather curious example of this is a simile used by Anwari, an obscene and unbridled poet, in which he speaks of "the liberties allowed by Abu Hanifah." The simile occurs in an improper context, but the point it

[Seite 4]

makes is clear. On any question, whether pertaining to the duties of worship or to worldly transactions, one finds Abu Hanifah's precepts easy and gentle and those of the other imams difficult and harsh. Let me by way of illustration take the rules regarding theft, laid down in the Kitab al-Jinayat (the Criminal Code) and the Kitab al-Hudud (the Penal Code).

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02

[2.] Maa/Fragment 083 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-09 22:01:33 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, Mumtaz Ali 2000, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 83, Zeilen: 1-3, 6-15
Quelle: Mumtaz Ali 2000
Seite(n): 4, Zeilen: 8-12, 17-30
It is agreed by all authorities that the punishment for theft is cutting off the right hand. However, the mujtahids have linked the execution of the punishment to certain conditions when defining theft. Regarding the criminal act of theft according to the Hanafi School pardon is allowed at all the time as well as the testimony of women which is granted an equal value than that of men.

A large part of Fiqh deals with prohibitions and permissions. In this connection, there are many precepts of the other imams, which, if they were to be closely followed, would make life unbearable if not impossible, while Abu Hanifah's precepts are easy to follow. For example, according to Shafi'i School, the following acts are impermissible: bathing or performing ablution with water heated on dung-fire; eating out of clay vessels baked on dung-fire; using vessels made of tin, glass, crystal and agate; wearing garments made of wool, sable fur and leather (in which prayer cannot be offered); vessels, chairs and saddles with silver work on them; common sales in which there is no declaration of selling and buying and so on. Abu Hanifah considers all these acts permissible.

It is agreed by all authorities that the punishment for theft is cutting off the right hand, but the mujtahids in defining theft have laid down certain conditions without

the fulfillment of which this punishment cannot be awarded. What effect these conditions have on the rules relating to theft will be clear from the following comparative table, which will also show how easy and consistent with civilized living is Abu Hanifah's madhhab as compared with the other madhhabs.

A large part of Fiqh deals with prohibitions and permissions. In this connection, there are many precepts of the other imams which, if they were to be acted upon, would make life unlivable, while Abu Hanifah's precepts are easy to follow. For example, according to Shafi'i, the following acts are impermissible: bathing or performing ablution with water heated on dung-fire; eating out of clay vessels baked on dung-fire; using vessels made of tin, glass, crystal and agate; wearing garments made of wool, sable fur and leather (in which prayer cannot be offered); vessels, chairs and saddles with silver work on them; common sales in which there is no declaration of selling and buying. Abu Hanifah considers all these acts permissible.

Anmerkungen

Mittendrin leicht abweichend aber sonst weitgehend identisch. Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02

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