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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Bulend Shanay
Titel    Islam: Sunni Tradition: Hanafiyyah
Sammlung    Overview of World Religions
Herausgeber    Museum of World Religions, Taiwan, and the Department of Religion and Social Ethics, St.Martins's College, Lancaster
Jahr    2001
URL    http://web.archive.org/web/20010307080410/http://www.philtar.ucsm.ac.uk/encyclopedia/islam/sunni/hana.html

Literaturverz.   

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Fußnoten    nein
Fragmente    3


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[1.] Maa/Fragment 081 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-09 21:53:16 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, OWR Hanafiyyah 2001, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Quelle: OWR Hanafiyyah 2001
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8.1. Hanafiyyah School

The Hanafiyyah School is the first of the four orthodox Sunni Schools of Law. It distinguishes itself from the other schools by according less authority to oral traditions as a source of legal procedure. Contrarily, it developed the exegesis of the Koran through a method of analogical reasoning known as Qiyas which necessitated a careful study of actual conditions in legal thinking. Furthermore, it established the principle that agreements of the Ummah (community) of Islam concerning a specific point in the Islam law codex, as represented by legal and religious Scholars, constituted evidence of the will of God. This process is referred to as Ijma', which means the consensus of the scholars. Thus, the school definitively established the Koran and its resulting principles known as Ijma' and Qiyas as the basis of Islamic law. In addition to these, Hanafi accepted local customs as a secondary source of the law.

Hanafiyyah

Doctrines

The Hanafiyyah school is the first of the four orthodox Sunni schools of law. It is distinguished from the other schools through its placing less reliance on mass oral traditions as a source of legal knowledge. It developed the exegesis of the Qur'an through a method of analogical reasoning known as Qiyas (see Sunni Islam). It also established the principle that the universal concurrence of the Ummah (community) of Islam on a point of law, as represented by legal and religious scholars, constituted evidence of the will of God. This process is called ijma', which means the consensus of the scholars. Thus, the school definitively established the Qur'an, the Traditions of the Prophet, ijma' and qiyas as the basis of Islamic law. In addition to these, Hanafi accepted local customs as a secondary source of the law.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02

[2.] Maa/Fragment 081 19 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-09 21:53:24 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, OWR Hanafiyyah 2001, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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The Hanafi School of Law was founded by Nu'man Abu Hanifah (699 - 766) in Kufa in what is today Iraq. It derived from the bulk of the ancient school of Kufa and absorbed the ancient school of Basra. Abu Hanifah lived in the period of the successors of the Sahabah (the companions of the Prophet). The Hanafi School

was favoured by the first 'Abbasid caliphs in spite of the school's opposition to the power of the caliphs because it had originated in Iraq. The privileged position which the school enjoyed under the 'Abbasid caliphate was lost with the decline of the 'Abbasid caliphate. However, the rise of the Ottoman Empire led to the revival of Hanafi fortunes.

History

The Hanafi school of law was founded by Nu'man Abu Hanifah (d.767) in Kufa in Iraq. It derived from the bulk of the ancient school of Kufa and absorbed the ancient school of Basra. Abu Hanifah belonged to the period of the successors (tabiin)of the Sahabah (the companions of the Prophet). He was a Tabi'i since he had the good fortune to have lived during the period when some of the Sahabah were still alive. Having originated in Iraq, the Hanafi school was favoured by the first 'Abbasid caliphs in spite of the school's opposition to the power of the caliphs.

The privileged position which the school enjoyed under the 'Abbasid caliphate was lost with the decline of the 'Abbasid caliphate. However, the rise of the Ottoman empire led to the revival of Hanafi fortunes.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02

[3.] Maa/Fragment 082 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-09 21:53:31 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Maa, OWR Hanafiyyah 2001, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Verschleierung
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Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 82, Zeilen: 1-8
Quelle: OWR Hanafiyyah 2001
Seite(n): 1 (Internetquelle), Zeilen: -
[Under the Ottomans,] Hanafites were appointed judge and sent from Istanbul, even to countries where the population followed another madhhab. Consequently, the Hanafi madhhab became the only authoritative code of law in the public life and official administration of justice in all the provinces of the Ottoman Empire111. Even today the Hanafi code prevails in the former Ottoman countries like Jordan. It is also dominant in Central Asia and India. There are no official figures for the number of followers of the Hanafi School of law. However, it is followed by the vast majority of people in the Muslim world.

111 Yozsef, Mousa, Abu Hanifeh , Baghdad 1982, 171ff.

Under the Ottomans the judgement-seats were occupied by Hanafites sent from Istanbul, even in countries where the population followed another madhhab. Consequently, the Hanafi madhhab became the only authoritative code of law in the public life and official administration of justice in all the provinces of the Ottoman empire. Even today the Hanafi code prevails in the former Ottoman countries. It is also dominant in Central Asia and India.

[...]

Adherence

There are no official figures for the number of followers of the Hanafi school of law. It is followed by the vast majority of people in the Muslim world.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), SleepyHollow02

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