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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Hsinchun Chen
Titel    Intelligence and Security Informatics for International Security: Information Sharing and Data Mining
Verlag    Springer-Verlag
Jahr    2006
URL    http://ai.arizona.edu/mis596a/

Literaturverz.   

yes
Fußnoten    yes
Fragmente    5


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Nm/Fragment 113 23 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-21 15:23:21 Hindemith
Chen 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 113, Zeilen: 23-27
Quelle: Chen 2006
Seite(n): 98, Zeilen: 34-37
Three models have been used to distinguish complex networks: random graph model, small-world model, and scale-free model (Albert and Barabasi, 2002). It is to note that most complex systems are not random but are governed by some well known principles encoded in the topology of the networks. Three models have been employed to characterize complex networks: random graph model, small-world model, and scale-free model (Albert & Barabasi, 2002). Most complex systems are not random but are governed by certain organizing principles encoded in the topology of the networks.
Anmerkungen

Nm writes sentences that can also be found in a book of one of Nm's referees.

Moreover, in view of what Nm has written in the previous paragraphs the first sentence with its reference does not make much sense, since it is more or less a repetition of a list given further above.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Hindemith

[2.] Nm/Fragment 114 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-23 11:19:08 Hindemith
Chen 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 114, Zeilen: 1-12
Quelle: Chen 2006
Seite(n): 98-99, Zeilen: p.98,37-39 - p.99,1-8
It is worthwhile to mention here, that a small-world network has a significantly larger clustering coefficient while the network has small average path length. The large clustering coefficient point outs that there is a high tendency for nodes to form communities and groups. On the other hand, scale-free networks are characterized by the power-law degree distribution, meaning that while a large number of nodes in the network have just a few links, a small fraction of the nodes have a large number of links. It is believed that scale-free networks evolve following the selforganizing principle, where growth and preferential attachment play a key role for the emergence of the power law degree distribution (Chen, Hsinchun, 2006). [p. 98]

A small-world network has a significantly larger clustering coefficient than its random model counterpart while maintaining a relatively small average path

[p. 99]

length. The large clustering coefficient indicates that there is a high tendency for nodes to form communities and groups. Scale-free networks, on the other hand, are characterized by the power-law degree distribution, meaning that while a large number of nodes in the network have just a few links, a small fraction of the nodes have a large number of links. It is believed that scale-free networks evolve following the self-organizing principle, where growth and preferential attachment play a key role for the emergence of the power-law degree distribution.

Anmerkungen

It is not clear that this paragraph is an - if you know the source - obvious citation. The reference "(Chen, Hsinchun, 2006)" indeed refers to one possible source at hand even though it is a multi authored paper (the wording is close to the one in Chen's book, which is presented here).

Chen was one of the referees for this thesis, so one expects that he, at least, is - more or less - correctly cited. This is not the case.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Bummelchen

[3.] Nm/Fragment 114 13 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-23 11:19:01 Hindemith
Chen 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 114, Zeilen: 13-19
Quelle: Chen 2006
Seite(n): 98, Zeilen: 23-28
Although the topological properties of these networks have been

discovered, the structures of terrorist networks are largely unknown due to the difficulty of collecting and accessing reliable data (Krebs, 2001). Do terrorist networks share the same topological properties with other types of networks? Do they follow the same organizing principle? How do they achieve efficiency under constant surveillance and threat from authorities? (Chen, Hsinchun, 2006).

Although the topological properties of these networks have been discovered,

the structures of dark (covert, illegal) networks are largely unknown due to the difficulty of collecting and accessing reliable data (Krebs, 2001). Do dark networks share the same topological properties with other types of networks? Do they follow the same organizing principle? How do they achieve efficiency under constant surveillance and threat from authorities?

Anmerkungen

Straight from the book of one of the referees, but the citation is not marked as such. The reference is to one of the papers of the referee, but the wording is nearly identical to what can be found in the book.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Bummelchen

[4.] Nm/Fragment 115 04 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-23 13:06:45 Hindemith
Chen 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 115, Zeilen: 4-10
Quelle: Chen 2006
Seite(n): 99-100, Zeilen: p.99,39-42 - p.100,1.4.
It would be noted that this research study found that members in the 9/11 terrorist network (Figure 1.4) are extremely close to their leaders. The terrorists in the network are on average only 1.79 steps away from Mohamed Atta, meaning that Mohammed Atta’s (node 33) command can reach an arbitrary member through only two mediators (approximately). Despite its small size (62), the average path length is 3.01, [...] [p. 99]

We found that members in the criminal and terrorist networks are extremely close to their leaders. The terrorists in the GSJ network are on average only 2.5 steps away from bin Laden, meaning that bin Laden’s command can reach an arbitrary member

[p.100]

through only two mediators. [...] Despite its small size (80), the average path length is 4.70, [...]

Anmerkungen

different example, but the words are in large parts identical to a section in one of Nm's referees' book.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Bummelchen

[5.] Nm/Fragment 117 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-23 13:06:39 Hindemith
Chen 2006, Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 117, Zeilen: 1-2, 3-8
Quelle: Chen 2006
Seite(n): 98, Zeilen: 29-33
The topological properties of 9/11 terrorist network is reported in the table above. [...] It is hoped that this study not only to contribute to general knowledge of the topological properties of complex systems (particularly terrorist networks) in a hostile environment but also to provide law enforcement and intelligence agencies with insights regarding destabilizing strategies strategies. We report in this study the topological properties of several covert criminal- or terrorist-related networks. We hope not only to contribute to general knowledge of the topological properties of complex systems in a hostile environment but also to provide authorities with insights regarding disruptive strategies.
Anmerkungen

Taken out of context and put at the end of his own example of research.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Bummelchen

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