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Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Aaron Clauset, Maxwell Young
Titel    Scale Invariance in Global Terrorism
Datum    30. April 2005
Anmerkung    see also: arxiv
URL    http://www.cs.unm.edu/~moore/tr/05-05/terrorism.pdf

Literaturverz.   

nein
Fußnoten    ja
Fragmente    1


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Nm/Fragment 085 08 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-05-11 21:55:19 WiseWoman
Clauset Young 2005, Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 85, Zeilen: 8-27
Quelle: Clauset_Young_2005
Seite(n): 5, Zeilen: 5: 1st column, 36ff;
In exploring the distribution of the severity of events in global terrorism, Clauset Aaron and Maxwell Young (2005) found a surprising and robust feature: scale invariance. Traditional analyses of terrorism have typically viewed catastrophic events such as the 1995 truck bombing of the American embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, which killed or injured more than 5200. However, the property of scale invariance suggests that these are instead a part of a statistically significant global pattern in terrorism. Further, they showed that there is little reason to believe that the appearance of power laws in the distribution of the severity of an event is the result of either reporting bias or changes in database management.

There are many generative mechanisms in the literature for power laws, although many of them are unappealing for explaining the structure (Maxwell Young, 2005) found in global terrorism. The highly abstract model of competition between non-state actors and states, which they proposed, analyzed and extended via the mixtures model, is likely to be too simple to capture the fine structure of global terrorism. However, their model and the statistically significant empirical regularities which showed by the author will frame future efforts to understand global terrorism.

In exploring the distribution of the severity of events in global terrorism, we have found a surprising and robust feature: scale invariance. Traditional analyses of terrorism have typically viewed catastrophic events such as the 1995 truck bombing of the American embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, which killed or injured more than 5 200, as outliers. However, the property of scale invariance suggests that these are instead a part of a statistically significant global pattern in terrorism. Further, we find little reason to believe that the appearance of power laws in the distribution of the severity of an event is the result of either reporting bias or changes in database management. [...]

[2nd column, 31ff]

There are many generative mechanisms in the literature for power laws, although many of them are unappealing for explaining the structure we find in global terrorism. The highly abstract model of competition between non-state actors and states, which we propose, analyze and extend via the mixtures model, is likely too simple to capture the fine structure of global terrorism. However, we hope that our model and the statistically significant empirical regularities which we show here will frame future efforts to understand global terrorism.

Anmerkungen

In describing the findings of Clauset & Young (2005), Nm actually copies quite literally from their paper, which is not mentioned in the bibliography. Note that reference is also made to "Maxwell Young, 2005", which, however, is probably meant to be the same paper. The name of the first author is Aaron Clauset, not Clauset Aaron.

One could also classify this as a pawn sacrifice ("Bauernopfer"), since a partial reference is given, although the extent of the text taken is not make clear.

Sichter
(Hindemith), WiseWoman

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