Fandom

VroniPlag Wiki

Quelle:Nm/Shelley 2002

< Quelle:Nm

31.373Seiten in
diesem Wiki
Seite hinzufügen
Diskussion0

Störung durch Adblocker erkannt!


Wikia ist eine gebührenfreie Seite, die sich durch Werbung finanziert. Benutzer, die Adblocker einsetzen, haben eine modifizierte Ansicht der Seite.

Wikia ist nicht verfügbar, wenn du weitere Modifikationen in dem Adblocker-Programm gemacht hast. Wenn du sie entfernst, dann wird die Seite ohne Probleme geladen.

Angaben zur Quelle [Bearbeiten]

Autor     Louise I. Shelley
Titel    The Nexus of Organized International Criminals and Terrorism
Zeitschrift    International Annals of Criminology
Herausgeber    International Society for Criminology (ISC)
Jahr    2002
Seiten    85-92
Anmerkung    The www-version differs in the numbering of pages.
URL    http://beepdf.com/doc/39511/the_nexus_of_organized_international_criminals_and_terrorism.html

Literaturverz.   

no
Fußnoten    yes
Fragmente    7


Fragmente der Quelle:
[1.] Nm/Fragment 052 18 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-22 07:19:16 Hindemith
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Shelley 2002

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 52, Zeilen: 18-29
Quelle: Shelley 2002
Seite(n): 1, Zeilen: 4-11
The problems of organized crime and terrorism were often considered separate phenomena prior to September 11. The security studies committee, the military and some parts of law enforcement increasingly viewed terrorism and transnational crime as distinct strategic threats. Seminars would discuss the emerging threat of transnational crime or terrorism but the important links between the two were rarely made (Shelley I. L., 2002).

2.3 TERRORISM AND ORGANIZED CRIME

The 9/11 attacks have changed the strategic thinking in this area. Terrorism and transnational crime are now considered as central threats to our national and international security. But, still more needs to be understood about the inter-linkage between the two [phenomena.]

The problems of organized crime and terrorism were often considered separate phenomena prior to September 11th. The security studies committee, the military and parts of law enforcement increasingly viewed terrorism and transnational crime as strategic threats. But these problems were often seen as distinct. Seminars would discuss the emerging threat of transnational crime or terrorism but the important links between the two were rarely made.

September 11th has changed the strategic thinking in this area. Terrorism and transnational crime are now central threats to our national and international security. Yet more needs to be understood about the links between these two phenomena.

Anmerkungen

Although the reference has been given by Nm the reader does not expect the paragraphs to be nearly identical since nothing has been marked as a citation.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Hindemith

[2.] Nm/Fragment 053 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-21 22:20:06 WiseWoman
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Shelley 2002

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 53, Zeilen: 1-20
Quelle: Shelley 2002
Seite(n): 1 (internet version), Zeilen: 11-13, 15-27
Mass media reports many illustrations of crime and terrorism link in Western Europe and the United States. However, much less has been written on this subject in the Pacific context. Illustrations of the links between organized crime and terrorism are the follows (Shelley I. L., 2002):

1) Terrorists engage in organized crime activity to raise funds and strengthen their financial position.

2) Both terrorists and organized crime groups often operate in form of networks. Sometimes these structures intersect, and thus terrorists can hide themselves among transnational criminal organizations

3) Both organized crime groups and terrorists operate in similar areas. The areas with weak governmental controls and enforcement of laws, and open borders are usually considered in this regard.

4) Both organized criminals and terrorists corrupt or use corrupt local officials to achieve their objectives

5) Organized crime and terrorists launder their money, often using the same methods and often the same operators to move their funds

6) Organized crime groups and terrorists often use similar means to communicate.

Many illustrations of the crime and terrorism link in Western Europe and the United States have appeared in the mass media. Much less has been written on this subject in the Pacific context. [...] Illustrations of the links between organized crime and terrorism are the following:

1) Terrorists engage in organized crime activity to support themselves financially

2) Organized crime groups and terrorists often operate on network structures and these structures sometimes intersect, terrorists can hide themselves among transnational criminal organizations

3) Both organized crime group and terrorists operate in areas with little governmental controls, weak enforcement of laws and open borders

4) Both organized criminals and terrorists corrupt local officials to achieve their objectives

5) Organized crime groups and terrorists often use similar means to communicate-exploiting modem technology

6) Organized crime and terrorists launder their money, often using the same methods and often the same operators to move their funds

Anmerkungen

Nm names his source as "Shelley I. L., 2002" - but the extent of the copying, especially with much word-for-word copying, is not made clear.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), WiseWoman

[3.] Nm/Fragment 053 21 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-21 22:13:31 WiseWoman
Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Shelley 2002

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 53, Zeilen: 21-30
Quelle: Shelley 2002
Seite(n): 2 (internet version), Zeilen: 26-33
Transnational crime groups often operate on a network structure. The network structure is not unique to this group but characterizes many other terrorist groups and many of the new transnational organized crime groups. Unlike the top-down- hierarchical structure of a mafia-type organization, newer organized crime groups such as Russian-speaking groups and terrorist groups such as the Al Qaeda function as networks. It gives organizational flexibility, reduces the possibility of penetration and provides greater efficiency. These structures make it more difficult to identify leaders. The newer criminal groups and leading terrorist [organizations resemble more modern legitimate business structures than the older corporations like Ford and the steel industry.] Transnational crime groups often operate on a network structure. The network structure is not unique to this group but characterizes many other terrorist groups and many of the new transnational organized crime groups. Unlike the top-down-hierarchical structure of a mafia-type organization, newer organized crime groups such as Russian-speaking groups and terrorist groups such as the Al Qaeda function as networks. It gives organizational flexibility, reduces the possibility of penetration and provides greater efficiency. These structures make it more difficult to identify leaders. The newer criminal groups and leading terrorist organizations resemble more modern legitimate business structures than the older corporations like Ford and the steel industry.
Anmerkungen

Copy of the original - not marked as a citation. The source has been mentioned with respect to the foregoing list.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), WiseWoman

[4.] Nm/Fragment 054 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-22 05:31:23 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Shelley 2002

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 54, Zeilen: 1-12
Quelle: Shelley 2002
Seite(n): 2 (internet version), Zeilen: 32-40
[The newer criminal groups and leading terrorist] organizations resemble more modern legitimate business structures than the older corporations like Ford and the steel industry.

Organized crime networks are often of the same nationality, though they form alliances with other foreign crime groups to conduct their activities. In contrast, the networks of groups such as Al Qaeda are considered themselves transnational. They can unite individuals from the Middle East with those in the Far East. Likewise, the organized crime groups in the Russian Far East work with North and South Koreans, Japanese, Chinese and Vietnamese among others. The networks are not usually affiliated with any particular state. They are non-state actors striking at the citizens of a state or different states.

The newer criminal groups and leading terrorist organizations resemble more modern legitimate business structures than the older corporations like Ford and the steel industry.

Organized crime group networks are often of the same nationality, though they form alliances with other crime groups to conduct their activities. In contrast, the networks of groups such as Al Qaeda are themselves transnational. They can unite individuals from the Middle East with those in the Far East. Likewise, the organized crime groups from the Russian Far East work with North and South Koreans, Japanese, Chinese and Vietnamese among others. The networks are not affiliated with any particular state. They are non-state actors striking at the citizens of a state, states or different states.

Anmerkungen

Continues the copying process from the previous page.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Bummelchen

[5.] Nm/Fragment 054 13 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-22 07:24:43 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Shelley 2002, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 54, Zeilen: 13-23
Quelle: Shelley 2002
Seite(n): 4 (internet version), Zeilen: 9-15
Terrorists, like transnational organized crime, use the information technology to maximize the effectiveness of their operations. For example the use of cellular and satellite telephones, the Internet, email and chat rooms are being used by them. The communication is facilitated with encryption and stenography (hiding messages within other messages). The anonymous interactive features of the Internet are used to evade detection. Whereas, organized criminals run gambling on the Internet, terrorists solicit funds through websites for charities that fund terrorist groups. International bank transfers and other fund movement technologies are also used by terrorists. Terrorists, like transnational organized crime, exploit information technology to maximize the effectiveness of their operations. They use cellular and satellite telephones, the Internet, email and chat rooms. They code their messages through encryption and steganography (hiding messages within other messages). They exploit the anonymyzer features of the Internet to evade detection. The Internet is a tool for perpetration of their crimes. Whereas, organized criminals run gambling on the Internet, terrorists solicit funds through websites for charities that fund terrorist groups. International fund movements are facilitated by information technology.
Anmerkungen

still copying from the same source - but this time with a mistake that confuses the meaning: "steganography" becomes "stenography"

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Hindemith

[6.] Nm/Fragment 054 23 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-22 07:34:45 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Shelley 2002, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 54, Zeilen: 23-32
Quelle: Shelley 2002
Seite(n): 4 (internet version), Zeilen: 19-27
Members of a terrorist group are given special training on computers and software and computer engineers are hired by the groups to facilitate communications.

International organized crime groups and terrorists both employ specialists for specific purposes. These specialists conduct intelligence operations and target surveillance, move money, or perform information technology or communications specific. The most successful of these groups have educated specialists within their ranks while others contract out for these services. Their hiring is on contractual basis, they may know accomplices or may be [hired through intermediaries, unaware of the end goals and who the end users of their services are.]

Members of the terrorist group are provided special training in computers and software and computer engineers are hired by the groups to facilitate communications.

International organized crime groups and terrorists both employ specialists. These specialists conduct intelligence operations, move money, and specialize in information technology and communications. The most successful of these groups have educated specialists within their ranks while others contract out for these services. Those hired on a contractual basis may be knowing accomplices or may be hired through intermediaries, unaware who are the end users of their services.

Anmerkungen

still copying from Shelley (2002)

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Hindemith

[7.] Nm/Fragment 055 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2012-04-22 07:57:01 Hindemith
Fragment, Gesichtet, Nm, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Shelley 2002, Verschleierung

Typus
Verschleierung
Bearbeiter
Graf Isolan
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 55, Zeilen: 1-7
Quelle: Shelley 2002
Seite(n): 4 (internet version), Zeilen: 25-27, 29-32
[Their hiring is on contractual basis, they may know accomplices or may be] hired through intermediaries, unaware of the end goals and who the end users of their services are.

Criminals and terrorists both engage in illicit activities. Money is the main motivation for transnational criminals; whereas for terrorists, this ordinary criminal activity is supported by their larger political and ideological objectives. Yet the crimes committed by both of the groups differ only in motive and not in substance.

Those hired on a contractual basis may be knowing accomplices or may be hired through intermediaries, unaware who are the end users of their services. [...]

Criminals and terrorists both engage in illicit activity. The transnational criminals do this solely to make money. Whereas for terrorists, this ordinary criminal activity is used to support their larger political and ideological objectives. Yet the crimes committed by these two groups differ only in motive and not in substance.

Anmerkungen

Still continuing the copying-process. The source is not given.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan), Hindemith

Auch bei Fandom

Zufälliges Wiki