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Titel    Encyclopedia > X12
Herausgeber    NationMaster.com
Datum    Mai 2003
URL    http://www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/X12
Webcite    http://www.webcitation.org/6SNe1VjfS

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Fragmente    1


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[1.] Saa/Dublette/Fragment 032 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2015-01-02 07:39:33 WiseWoman
Dublette, Fragment, KeineWertung, Nationmaster 2003, SMWFragment, Saa, Schutzlevel, ZuSichten

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Quelle: Nationmaster_2003
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2.6.7 EDI

EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) is the computer-to-computer exchange of structured information, by agreed message standards, from one computer application to another by electronic means and with a minimum of human intervention. In common usage, EDI is understood to mean specific interchange methods agreed upon by national or international standards bodies for the transfer of business transaction data, with one typical application being the automated registration of a patient in a hospital. Despite being relatively unheralded, in this era of technologies such as XML Web Services, the Internet and the WWW, EDI is still the data format used by the vast majority of electronic commerce transactions in the present computing world.

The EDI standards were designed from the beginning to be independent of lower level technologies and can be transmitted using Internet protocols as well as private networks. It is important to differentiate between the EDI documents and the methods for transmitting them. There are two major sets of EDI standards. The first one is UN/EDIFACT, which is the only international standard (in fact, a United Nations recommendation) and is predominant in all areas outside of North America. The second is ANSI ASC X12 (X12), which is popular in North America and used worldwide. These standards prescribe the formats, character sets, and data elements used in the exchange of documents and forms, such as purchase orders (called ORDERS in UN/EDIFACT and an 850 in X12) and invoices. These standards say which pieces of information are mandatory for a particular document, which pieces are optional and give the rules for the structure of the document.

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is the computer-to-computer exchange of structured information, by agreed message standards, from one computer application to another by electronic means and with a minimum of human intervention. In common usage, EDI is understood to mean specific interchange methods agreed upon by national or international standards bodies for the transfer of business transaction data, with one typical application being the automated purchase of goods and services.

Despite being relatively unheralded, in this era of technologies such as XML services, the Internet and the World Wide Web, EDI is still the data format used by the vast majority of electronic commerce transactions in the world.

The EDI standards were designed from the beginning to be independent of lower-level technologies and can be transmitted using Internet protocols as well as private networks. It is important to differentiate between the EDI documents and the methods for transmitting them. [...]

[...]

There are three major sets of EDI standards. UN/EDIFACT is the only international standard (in fact, a United Nations recommendation) and is predominant in all areas outside of North America. ANSI ASC X12 (X12) and the Uniform Communication Standard (UCS) are popular in North America and are very similar to each other.

These standards prescribe the formats, character sets, and data elements used in the exchange of documents and forms, such as purchase orders (called "ORDERS" in UN/EDIFACT and an "850" in X12) and invoices.

The standard says which pieces of information are mandatory for a particular document, which pieces are optional and give the rules for the structure of the document.

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