• Problematic text parallels can be found in the following chapters (state of analysis: 7 December 2016):
  • 1.1. Diabetes Mellitus [beg.] (p. 1-2): pages 1, 2 – [completely (literally)]
  • 1.2 Glucose-insulin endocrine metabolic regulatory system (p. 2-6): pages 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • 1.3 The family of facilitative glucose transporters [beg.] (p. 6-7): pages 6, 7 – [completely (literally)]
  • 1.3.1 The facilitative glucose transporters in the CNS and blood brain barrier (p. 8): page 8 – [completely]
  • 1.3.2 The facilitative glucose transporters as pharmaceutical targets (p. 8-9): pages 8, 9 – [completely]
  • 1.3.3 The facilitative glucose transporter GLUT1 (p. 9-11): pages 9, 10, 11 – [completely (text)]
  • 1.3.4 Glucose transporter 4 (p. 11-12): page 12
  • 1.3.5 Role of insulin signalling in GLUT4 regulation (p. 12-13): pages 12, 13
  • 1.3.6 PI3K dependent pathway (p. 13-14): pages 13, 14 – [completely]
  • 1.3.7 PI3-K independent pathway (p. 14): page 14 – [almost completely (excl. last two sentences)]
  • 1.3.8 Role of SNARE proteins in GLUT4 regulation (p. 15): page 15 – [completely]
  • 1.3.9 Role of GLUT4 dysfunctions in obesity and type 2 diabetes (p. 15-16): pages 15, 16 – [completely]
  • 1.4 The Serum and Glucocorticoid inducible Kinase SGK1 (p. 17-20): pages 17, 18, 19, 20 – [completely]
  • 3.3 Xenopus laevis oocytes [beg.] (p. 24-25): pages 24, 25
  • 3.3.1 In vitro RNA transcription (p. 25-26): pages 25, 26
  • 3.3.2 Preparation of Xenopus oocytes (p. 26-28): pages 26, 27
  • 3.3.3 cRNA injection (p. 28-30): pages 28, 29.

Prominent sourcesBearbeiten

  • Two of the sources are dissertations written under the guidance of the same supervisor (Embark (2004), Rajamanickam (2007)). The other sources have no apparent link to the author of the dissertation under discussion. E.g. Li (2004) is a doctoral thesis submitted to the Arizona State University.
  • None of the sources of documented text parallels is mentioned anywhere in the dissertation (except for the joint work Palmada et al (2006)).

Prominent fragmentsBearbeiten

Other observationsBearbeiten

  • Six extensive fragments from Palmada et al (2006), a paper with seven authors including S.J. and the doctoral advisor, can be found at
The source is referenced once, in the first fragment. The extent of the text reuse is not made clear. All of these fragments have been marked as "KeineWertung" and are not included in the calculations or the report.


  • Currently there are 33 reviewed fragments documented that are considered to be violations of citation rules. For 33 of them there is no reference given to the source used („Verschleierungen“ and „Komplettplagiate“). For 0 fragments the source is given, but the extent of the used text is not made clear („Bauernopfer“).
  • The publication has 49 pages that have been analyzed. On a total of 26 of these pages violations of citation rules have been documented. This represents a percentage of 53.1%. The 49 analyzed pages break down with respect to the amount of text parallels encountered as follows:
Percentage text parallels Number of pages
No text parallels documented 23
0%-50% text parallels 3
50%-75% text parallels 3
75%-100% text parallels 20
From these statistics an extrapolation of the amount of text of the publication under investigation that has been documented as problematic can be estimated (conservatively) as about 37% of the main part of the publication.


The following chart illustrates the amount and the distribution of the text parallel findings. The colours show the type of plagiarism diagnosed:

  • grau="Komplettplagiat" (copy & paste): the source of the text parallel is not given, the copy is verbatim.
  • rot="Verschleierung" (disguised plagiarism): the source of the text parallel is not given, the copied text will be somewhat modified.

Sj col

(state of analysis: 7 December 2016)

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