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Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 15, Zeilen: 16-24
Quelle: Underhill et al 2000
Seite(n): 358, Zeilen: r.col: 8-16
Underhill et al (Underhill et al., 2000), comparing the NR Y of 1062 individuals from different regions, have found three mutually reinforcing mutations (two transversions and a 1-bp deletion), distinguishing a haplogroup, which is represented today by a minority of Africans, mainly Sudanese, Ethiopians and Khoisans. All non-Africans, except a single Sardinian, and most African males sampled carried only the derived alleles at the three sites. This implies that modern extant human Y chromosomes trace ancestry to Africa and that the descendants of the derived lineage left Africa and eventually replaced archaic human Y chromosomes in Eurasia. Three mutually reinforcing mutations, M42, M94 and M139 (two transversions and a 1-bp deletion), distinguish haplogroup I, which is represented today by a minority of Africans—mainly Sudanese, Ethiopians and Khoisans (Table 1). All non-Africans, except a single Sardinian, and most African males sampled carry only the derived alleles at the three sites. This implies that modern extant human Y chromosomes trace ancestry to Africa and that the descendants of the derived lineage left Africa and eventually replaced archaic human Y chromosomes in Eurasia5.

5. Hammer, M.F. et al. Out of Africa and back again: nested cladistic analysis of human Y chromosome variation. Mol. Biol. Evol. 15, 427–441 (1998).

Anmerkungen

The source is given, but nothing has been marked as a citation.

The conclusion ("This implies [...]") is not clearly attributed to Underhill et al. (2000), or in fact Hammer et al. (1998) to who it is attributed by Underhill et al. (2000).

Sichter
(Hindemith) Schumann

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