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Research on Parliamentary Privilege Concurrently Discuss Chinese National People's Congressional Privilege

von Weizhong Yi

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[1.] Wy/Fragment 032 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-15 18:44:35 Graf Isolan
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, Griffith 2009, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Wy

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[Parliamentary privilege can be located] within what has been called the ‘rough’ doctrine of the separation of powers. As Lamer CJ in New Brunswick Broadcasting v. Nova Scotia said “given its historical development, it is fair to say that its [parliamentary privilege] source is constitutional in the most fundamental sense in that it has everything to do with the relationship between the different branches of government.”110

David McGee also indicate: “Privilege is part of the way in which the separation of powers is delineated…and a principal means of effecting a modus vivendi between the legislature and the other two branches of government…Parliamentary privilege…helps preserve Parliament’s freedom from outside control and to give it and its members the legal tools and confidence they will need to perform their constitutional functions.”111

Historically, in 17th century England, parliamentary privilege was political, not legal, in origin, forged in the conflict between Parliament, the Executive and the courts. The fundamental rights of the House of Commons were asserted against the prerogatives of the Crown and the authority of the courts. The assertion of privilege was a declaration of its independence from the other branches of government.112

McHugh J in Egan v Willis stated: The view of the Tudor and Stuart monarchs was that the House of Commons was summoned only to vote on the appropriations asked of them, to approve legislation submitted to them and to express opinions on matters of policy only when asked.


110 [1993] 1 SCR 319.

111 David McGee, The Scope of Parliamentary Privilege, NZLJ, Vol. 84, 2004.

112 Gareth Griffith, Parliamentary Privilege: First Principles and Recent Applications, www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/WEB_FEED/PHWebContent.nsf/PHPages/LibraryPublications.

[Seite 7]

Parliamentary privilege can be located within what has been called the ‘rough’ doctrine of the separation of powers that operates in Westminster parliamentary systems. As Lamer CJ in New Brunswick Broadcasting v Nova Scotia28 said

given its historical development, it is fair to say that its [parliamentary privilege] source is constitutional in the most fundamental sense in that it has everything to do with the relationship between the difference [sic!] branches of government.

In the words of David McGee:

Privilege is part of the way in which the separation of powers is delineated…and a principal means of effecting a modus vivendi between the legislature and the other two branches of government…Parliamentary privilege…helps preserve Parliament’s freedom from outside control and to give it and its members the legal tools and confidence they will need to perform their constitutional functions.29

Historically, in 17th century England, parliamentary privilege was political, not legal, in origin, forged in the conflict between Parliament, the Executive and the courts. The fundamental rights of the House of Commons were asserted against the prerogatives of the Crown and the authority of the courts. The assertion of privilege was a declaration of its independence from the other branches of government.

McHugh J in Egan v Willis stated:

The view of the Tudor and Stuart monarchs was that the House of Commons was summoned only to vote on the appropriations asked of [them, to approve legislation submitted to them and to express opinions on matters of policy only when asked.]

[Seite 8]


28 [1993] 1 SCR 319.

29 David McGee, ‘The scope of parliamentary privilege’ [2004] NZLJ 84.

Anmerkungen

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