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Research on Parliamentary Privilege Concurrently Discuss Chinese National People's Congressional Privilege

von Weizhong Yi

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[1.] Wy/Fragment 044 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-12 18:28:57 Graf Isolan
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Van der Hulst 2000, Wy

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 44, Zeilen: 1-15
Quelle: Van der Hulst 2000
Seite(n): 66, Zeilen: 66: 7ff
[Almost three hundred years later, freedom of speech established as a principle in the House of Commons at the beginning of the sixteenth century, was] reaffirmed in Article 9 of the 1689 Bill of Rights,138 which expressly stipulated that discussions and acts by MPs were exempt from all forms of interference or contestation from outside Parliament.

Today, it is still customary for Speakers, following their election at the start of the new session, to assert their rights before the House of Lords on behalf of the House of Commons, by humbly petitioning that the ancient and uncontested rights of the House of Commons be reaffirmed, particularly freedom of speech.139

The majorities of Commonwealth countries have been influenced by British tradition and have adopted similar provisions.140 But the principle of freedom of speech is not confined to the Commonwealth. The rule whereby parliamentarians cannot be prosecuted for opinions expressed or votes cast in exercise of their mandates exists in one form or another in almost all other countries.141

Therefore, the freedom of speech is not only relatively homogeneous but also a highly stable principle throughout the world. Most countries indicate that there have been no recent amendments to the relevant legislation.


138 Article 9 of the 1689 Bill of Rights, “That the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament.” http://www.constitution.org/ eng/eng_bor.htm.

139 Erskine May, 22th ed., pp.70-4.

140 Marc Van der Hulst, The Parliamentary Mandate, Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2000, p.74.

141 Id.

Almost three hundred years later, freedom of speech, established as a principle in the House of Commons at the beginning of the sixteenth century, was reaffirmed in Article 9 of the 1689 Bill of Rights, which expressly stipulated that discussions and acts by MPs were exempt from all forms of interference or contestation from outside Parliament.

Today, it is still customary for Speakers, following their election at the start of the new session, to assert their rights before the House of Lords on behalf of the House of Commons, by humbly petitioning that the ancient and uncontested rights of the House of Commons be reaffirmed, particularly freedom of speech.74

The majority of Commonwealth countries have been influenced by British tradition and have adopted similar provisions. But the principle of freedom of speech or parliamentary non-accountability is not confined to the Commonwealth. The rule whereby parliamentarians cannot be prosecuted for opinions expressed or votes cast in exercise of their mandates exists in one form or another in almost all other countries [...]

Parliamentary non-accountability or "privilege" is therefore not only relatively homogeneous but also a highly stable principle throughout the world. Most countries indicate that there have been no recent amendments to the relevant legislation.75


74 Erskine May, op. cit.y[sic] pp. 70-74.

75 [...]

Anmerkungen

Die vorhandenen Quellenverweise (deren Seitenangabe jedoch falsch ist) machen nicht deutlich, dass hier weitläufig wörtlich übernommen wurde.

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(Hindemith) Singulus

[2.] Wy/Fragment 044 16 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-13 21:39:16 Graf Isolan
Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, Rajya Sabha 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Wy

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Graf Isolan
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 44, Zeilen: 16-18
Quelle: Rajya Sabha 2006
Seite(n): 206, Zeilen: 206:31ff
The freedom of speech of Members in the House, in fact, is the essential pre-requisite for the efficient discharge of their parliamentary duties, in the absence of which, they may not be able to speak out their mind and express their views in the [House without any fear.] The freedom of speech of members

in the House, in fact, is the essential pre-requisite for the efficient discharge of their parliamentary duties, in the absence of which, they may not be able to speak out their mind and express their views in the House without any fear.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme. Die Übernahme setzt sich auf der folgenden Seite fort.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Singulus


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