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Research on Parliamentary Privilege Concurrently Discuss Chinese National People's Congressional Privilege

von Weizhong Yi

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[1.] Wy/Fragment 045 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-14 18:44:16 WiseWoman
Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, Rajya Sabha 2006, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Wy

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KomplettPlagiat
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Graf Isolan
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 45, Zeilen: 1-10
Quelle: Rajya Sabha 2006
Seite(n): 206-207, Zeilen: 206:31ff - 207:1-3
[The freedom of speech of Members in the House, in fact, is the essential pre-requisite for the efficient discharge of their parliamentary duties, in the absence of which, they may not be able to speak out their mind and express their views in the] House without any fear. Importance of this right for the Members of Parliament is underlined by the immunity accorded to them from civil or criminal proceedings in a court of law for having made any speech/ disclosure or any vote cast inside the House or a committee thereof. Any investigation outside Parliament, of anything that a member says or does in the discharge of his parliamentary duties amounts to a serious interference with the member’s freedom of speech in the House. Therefore, to attack a member or to take or even threaten to take any action against him including institution of legal proceedings on account of

anything said or any vote given by him on the floor of the House would amount to a gross violation of the privilege of a member.

[Seite 206]

The freedom of speech of members in the House, in fact, is the essential pre-requisite for the efficient discharge of their parliamentary duties, in the absence of which, they may not be able to speak out their mind and express their views in the House without any fear. Importance of this right for the Members of Parliament is underlined by the immunity accorded to them from civil or criminal proceedings in a court of law for having made any speech/ disclosure or any vote cast inside the House or a committee thereof. Any investigation outside Parliament, of anything that a member says or does in the discharge of his parliamentary duties amounts to a serious interference with the member's freedom of speech in the House. Therefore, to attack a member or to take or even threaten to take any action against him

[Seite 207]

including institution of legal proceedings on account of anything said or any vote given by him on the floor of the House would amount to a gross violation of the privilege of a member.

Anmerkungen

Kein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme.

Sichter
(Graf Isolan) Singulus

[2.] Wy/Fragment 045 11 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-12 18:33:18 Graf Isolan
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Van der Hulst 2000, Wy

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 45, Zeilen: 11-22
Quelle: Van der Hulst 2000
Seite(n): 67, Zeilen: 1ff
5.2 The Scope of Freedom of Speech

The scope of freedom of speech may be viewed from four different angles: Whom is the protection for? When does protection begin and end? Is the protection only within the precincts of Parliament or also beyond? What acts are covered by freedom of speech?

5.2.1 Person

Obviously, members of parliament are the prime beneficiaries in the case of freedom of speech, together with ministers who are also parliamentarians (in countries where the two offices are not incompatible).

In a number of countries— primarily but not exclusively those with a British parliamentary tradition (Canada, Netherlands, Switzerland, New Zealand),142 “protection is broader and extends to all persons taking part in parliamentary debates (such as ministers, even if they are not Members of parliament) or [participating in the proceedings”.143]


142 Marc Van der Hulst, The Parliamentary Mandate, Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2000, p.75.

143 Myttenacre, R., The Immunities of Members of Parliaments Constitutional and Parliamentary Information, ASGP, 1998, p.104.

(b) Scope

The scope of parliamentary non-accountability (freedom of speech) may be viewed from four different angles: ratione personae (protection for whom?), ratione temporis (when does protection begin and end?), ratione loci (protection only within the precincts of parliament or also beyond?) and ratione materiae (what acts are covered by non-accountability?).

Ratione personae

Obviously, members of parliament are the prime beneficiaries in the case of parliamentary non-accountability, together with ministers who are also parliamentarians (in countries where the two offices are not incompatible).76

In a number of countries — primarily but not exclusively those with a British parliamentary tradition (Canada, Netherlands, Switzerland, New Zealand), "protection is broader and extends to all persons taking part in parliamentary debates (such as ministers, even if they are not members of parliament) or participating in the proceedings».77


7f! [sic] In sonic [sic] countries, however (Belgium, Guinea), ministers enjoy a special category of non-accountability related to their ministerial office. In Romania, the legal non-accountability regime in respect of the political opinions of parliamentarians is also applicable to the President of the Republic.

77 Myttenacre, R., op. tit., p. 104.

Anmerkungen

Der vorhandene Quellenverweis verweist auf die falsche Seite und macht den Umfang und den z.T. wörtlichen Charakter der Übernahmen nicht deutlich.

Sichter
(Hindemith) Singulus


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