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Research on Parliamentary Privilege Concurrently Discuss Chinese National People's Congressional Privilege

von Weizhong Yi

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[1.] Wy/Fragment 063 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-12 15:12:12 WiseWoman
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, UNDP Initiative 2006, Wy

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[In some countries, parliament must be informed of the flagrante arrest of a Member of Parliament (Yemen) and in others this right goes hand in hand with the right to request the (provisional)] release of the parliamentarian concerned (Georgia, Lebanon, Thailand). In the Republic of Moldova, in cases of flagrante delicto a Member of Parliament can only be placed under house arrest for 24 hours with the prior consent of the Prosecutor General, who in turn must inform the Speaker of Parliament. The latter can order the release of the member concerned.205

Although flagrante delicto is a logical restriction on parliamentary inviolability because the validity of the prosecution cannot be questioned, given that the facts constituting the offence and the identity of the perpetrator are clearly established, it may serve as an ideal loophole for arresting a parliamentarian protected by immunity. As the experience of the IPU Committee on the Human Rights of Parliamentarians has shown, flagrante delicto is sometimes easily invoked even failing any ingredients of a flagrante delicto offence. Examples concern the arrest of members of parliament for several days and even months after the alleged facts under the pretext of a “flagrant crime”, the arrest of parliamentarians who had participated in a peaceful demonstration, but were held responsible under the flagrante delicto procedure for acts of violence which occurred after they had left the premises, and the arrest of a parliamentarian for allegedly having signed uncovered cheques several months before his arrest. The Committee has consequently recalled that a broad interpretation of flagrante delicto may amount to voiding immunity itself of any real meaning.206

6.3 The Procedure of Lifting Parliamentary Inviolability

As already stated, parliamentary inviolability does not offer an absolute protection, and certainly does not seek to afford members of parliament impunity. It entitles parliament only to ensure that members of parliament are not arrested [and prosecuted on baseless charges.]


205 Background Paper prepared by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Parliamentary Immunity, http://www.gopacnetwork.org/Docs/Global/IPU%20-%20UNDP%20Immunity%20Paper.pdf.

206 Resolution adopted by the Inter-Parliamentary Council on case SN/02,03,04, September, 1994.

In some countries, parliament must be informed of the flagrante arrest of a member of parliament (Yemen) and in others this right goes hand in hand with the right to request the (provisional) release of the parliamentarian concerned (Georgia, Lebanon, Thailand). In the Republic of Moldova, in cases of flagrante delicto a member of parliament can only be placed under house arrest for 24 hours with the prior consent of the Prosecutor General, who in turn must inform the Speaker of Parliament. The latter can order the release of the member concerned.

Although flagrante delicto is a logical restriction on parliamentary inviolability because the validity of the prosecution cannot be questioned, given that the facts constituting the offence and the identity of the perpetrator are clearly established, it may serve as an ideal loophole for arresting a parliamentarian protected by immunity. As the experience of the IPU Committee on the Human Rights of Parliamentarians has shown, flagrante delicto is sometimes easily invoked even failing any ingredients of a flagrante delicto offence. Examples concern the arrest of members of parliament for several days and even months after the alleged facts under the pretext of a “flagrant crime”, the arrest of parliamentarians who had participated in a peaceful demonstration, but were held responsible under the flagrante delicto procedure for acts of violence which occurred after they had left the premises, and the arrest of a parliamentarian for allegedly having signed uncovered cheques several months before his arrest. The Committee has consequently recalled that a broad interpretation of flagrante delicto may amount to voiding immunity itself of any real meaning.35

5.2. _The procedure of lifting parliamentary inviolability_

As already stated, parliamentary inviolability does not offer an absolute protection, and certainly does not seek to afford members of parliament impunity. It entitles parliament only to ensure that members of parliament are not arrested and prosecuted on baseless charges.


35 Resolution adopted by the Inter-Parliamentary Council on case SN/02,03,04, September 1994.

Anmerkungen

Ganzseitige Übernahme. Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

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