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Research on Parliamentary Privilege Concurrently Discuss Chinese National People's Congressional Privilege

von Weizhong Yi

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[1.] Wy/Fragment 064 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-12 15:16:46 WiseWoman
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, UNDP Initiative 2006, Wy

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[It entitles parliament only to ensure that members of parliament are not arrested] and prosecuted on baseless charges. If they are satisfied that such is not the case, parliaments lift immunity. The relevant procedures are broadly similar and differ mainly in terms of the authority empowered to file a request for the lifting of immunity, the possibility of waiving one’s immunity, and the possibility of filing an appeal against the decision to lift immunity.

6.3.1 Procedure Generally Observed

Generally speaking, the judicial authorities (prosecutor, court) must send a request to the Presiding Officer. A parliamentary committee, either a standing committee on privileges or an ad hoc committee, is then entrusted with examining the request and making a recommendation to the plenary, which takes a vote. The composition of that committee may of course influence the outcome of deliberations, as may majority requirements for the vote in the plenary. These differ from country to country but generally a simple majority must be obtained (in Iraq an absolute majority is required).207 In some cases, for example Timor-Leste and the Republic of Moldova, the Rules of Procedure stipulate that the vote has to be secret.208 During periods when parliament is not sitting, the Assembly Bureau is usually competent to examine requests for the lifting of immunity and to take a decision, which at the Assembly’s next sitting must be approved. In very rare cases, the Presiding Officer may decide on such matters. For example, the Speaker of the Iraqi Council of Representatives may authorize or not the arrest of a member after the expiry of his/her term.209 Article 92 of the Constitution of Sudan vests the Presiding Officers of both Chambers with authority to decide whether or not to authorize the institution of criminal proceedings against a [member of the respective Chamber or the taking of any measure against his/her personal belongings.210]


207 See, Marc Van der Hulst, The Parliamentary Mandate, Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2000, p.91.

208 Background Paper prepared by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Parliamentary Immunity, http://www.gopacnetwork.org/Docs/Global/IPU%20-%20UNDP%20Immunity%20Paper.pdf.

[209 Id.

210 Id.]

It entitles parliament only to ensure that members of parliament are not arrested and prosecuted on baseless charges. If they are satisfied that such is not the case, parliaments lift immunity. The relevant procedures are broadly similar and differ mainly in terms of the authority empowered to file a request for the lifting of immunity, the possibility of waiving one’s immunity, and the possibility of filing an appeal against the decision to lift immunity.

(a) Procedure generally observed

Generally speaking, the judicial authorities (prosecutor, court, Minister of Justice) must send a request to the Presiding Officer. A parliamentary committee, either a standing committee on privileges or an ad hoc committee, is then entrusted with examining the request and making a recommendation to the plenary, which takes a vote. The composition of that committee may of course influence the outcome of deliberations, as may majority requirements for the vote in the plenary. These differ from country to country but generally a simple majority must be obtained (in Iraq an absolute majority is required). In some cases, for example Timor-Leste and the Republic of Moldova, the Rules of Procedure stipulate that the vote has to be secret. During periods when parliament is not sitting, the Assembly Bureau is usually competent to examine requests for the lifting of immunity and to take a decision, which at the Assembly's next sitting must be approved. In very rare cases, the Presiding Officer may decide on such matters. For example, the Speaker of the Iraqi Council of Representatives may authorize or not the arrest of a member after the expiry of his/her term (see also under 4b). Article 92 of the Constitution of Sudan vests the Presiding Officers of both Chambers with authority to decide whether or not to authorize the institution of criminal proceedings against a member of the respective Chamber or the taking of any measure against his/her personal belongings.

Anmerkungen

Ganzseitige Übernahme. Art und Umfang der Übernahme bleiben ungekennzeichnet.

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(Singulus), WiseWoman


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