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Research on Parliamentary Privilege Concurrently Discuss Chinese National People's Congressional Privilege

von Weizhong Yi

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[1.] Wy/Fragment 089 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-12 05:56:33 WiseWoman
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Van der Hulst 2000, Wy

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Quelle: Van der Hulst 2000
Seite(n): 117, Zeilen: 2ff
[If it is adopted, the member is expelled, on the first] occasion for 24 hours, on the second (within the same year) for three consecutive sittings, and on the third (or any other occasion within the same year) for seven consecutive sittings.274 It should be noted that this amounts to a fully fledged suspension of the member’s mandate rather than mere expulsion from the precincts of Parliament.

8.1.3 Subsidiary Sanctions

There are three further categories of sanction, which are usually subsidiary: pecuniary sanctions, compulsory presentation of an apology and loss of seniority. pecuniary sanctions may be of two kinds: in some assemblies, a fine is a penalty in its own right (Gabon, United States of America); in others, certain disciplinary sanctions automatically entail a reduction in the parliamentarian’s salary for a specified period (see above: censure in France).

In a number of countries, the presiding officer may order the member to apologise. This type of sanction is common in Asian countries (Japan, Lao Democratic People’s Republic, Republic of Korea) 275 but also exists in other countries (Slovakia, United States of America).276 In many countries, members present an apology not because they are obliged to do so for disciplinary reasons but to avoid disciplinary sanctions (Romania, Slovakia, United States of America).277


[272 See, Marc Van der Hulst, The Parliamentary Mandate, Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2000.]

274 Id.

275 Id.

276 Id..

277 Id.

If it is adopted, the member is expelled, on the first occasion for 24 hours, on the second (within the same year) for three consecutive sittings, and on the third (or any other occasion within the same year) for seven consecutive sittings. It should be noted that this amounts to a fully fledged suspension of the member's mandate rather

than mere expulsion from the precincts of Parliament.

(c) Subsidiary sanctions

There are three further categories of sanction, which are usually subsidiary: pecuniary sanctions, compulsory presentation of an apology and loss of seniority.

Pecuniary sanctions may be of two kinds: in some assemblies, a fine is a penalty in its own right (Gabon, United States of America); in others, certain disciplinary sanctions automatically entail a reduction in the parliamentarian's salary for a specified period (see above: censure in France).

In a number of countries, the presiding officer may order the member to apologise. This type of sanction is common in Asian countries (Japan, Lao Democratic People's Republic, Republic of Korea) but also exists in other countries (Slovakia, United States of America). In many countries, members present an apology not because they are obliged to do so for disciplinary reasons but to avoid disciplinary sanctions (Romania, Slovakia, United States of America).

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(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02


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