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Research on Parliamentary Privilege Concurrently Discuss Chinese National People's Congressional Privilege

von Weizhong Yi

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[1.] Wy/Fragment 093 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-12 06:12:33 WiseWoman
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Van der Hulst 2000, Wy

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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 93, Zeilen: 1-21, 103-106
Quelle: Van der Hulst 2000
Seite(n): 130, Zeilen: 1ff
[While the terms “contempt of parliament” or “insult to parliament” are occasionally] employed in some countries belonging to this group, especially those influenced by French tradition, their scope is different from that prevailing in countries with a British parliamentary tradition. The Rules of Procedure of the French Senate stipulate that a Senator who insults the Senate or its President is liable to censure with temporary expulsion from the Senate building. In such cases, the French Senate is not exercising criminal but disciplinary jurisdiction. Slander of the “constituent bodies” (including the Parliament) is punishable by a term of imprisonment of one year and a fine of FF 300,000 under the Act of 29 July 1881 concerning freedom of the press.288

The second group of countries, on which we propose to focus in this chapter, consists for the most part of countries with a parliamentary tradition based on the British model (Canada, Ireland, United Kingdom, United States of America).289 In these countries, parliament has laid the foundations for its own protection: it enjoys criminal jurisdiction and may impose penalties on anybody who breaches its privileges.

8.3.2 Preventing from Interfering by the Executive or the General Public

The scope of the concept of contempt of parliament is somewhat unclear, inter alia because Commonwealth parliaments have always jealously guarded their right to determine whether or not their privileges have been breached. It is not surprising therefore that the Rules of Procedure of these parliaments rarely contain a definition of the notion of contempt of parliament.290


[287 See, Marc Van der Hulst, The Parliamentary Mandate, Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2000, pp.129-134.]

288 Id.

289 Id.

290 The Rules of Procedure of the Indian Council of Slates (the Rajya Sabha) constitute an exception to this rule by defining contempt of the House in annex III as “any act or omission which obstructs or impedes any member or officer of such House in the discharge of his duty, or which has a tendency directly or indirectly to produce such results”.

While the terms

[Seite 130]

"contempt of parliament" or "insult to parliament" are occasionally employed in some countries belonging to this group, especially those influenced by French tradition, their scope is different from that prevailing in countries with a British parliamentary tradition. The Rules of Procedure of the French Senate stipulate that a Senator who insults the Senate or its President is liable to censure with temporary expulsion from the Senate building. In such cases, the French Senate is not exercising criminal but disciplinary jurisdiction. Slander of the "constituent bodies" (including the Parliament) is punishable by a term of imprisonment of one year and a fine of FF 300,000 under the Act of 29 July 1881 concerning freedom of the press.

The second group of countries, on which we propose to focus in this chapter, consists for the most part of countries with a parliamentary tradition based on the British model (Canada, Ireland, United Kingdom, United States of America). In these countries, parliament has laid the foundations for its own protection: it enjoys criminal jurisdiction and may impose penalties on anybody who breaches its privileges.

2. Protection against interference by the Executive or the general public

The scope of the concept of contempt of parliament is somewhat unclear, inter alia because Commonwealth parliaments have always jealously guarded their right to determine whether or not their privileges have been breached. It is not surprising therefore that the Rules of Procedure of these parliaments rarely contain a definition of the notion of contempt of parliament.173


173 The Rules of Procedure of the Indian Council of Slates (the Rajya Sabha) constitute an exception to this rule by defining contempt of the House in annex III as "any act or omission which obstructs or impedes any member or officer of such House in the discharge of his duty, or which has a tendency directly or indirectly to produce such results".

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