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Research on Parliamentary Privilege Concurrently Discuss Chinese National People's Congressional Privilege

von Weizhong Yi

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[1.] Wy/Fragment 095 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-13 06:54:58 WiseWoman
Fragment, Gesichtet, KomplettPlagiat, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Van der Hulst 2000, Wy

Typus
KomplettPlagiat
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 95, Zeilen: 1-22, 101-103
Quelle: Van der Hulst 2000
Seite(n): 131, 132, Zeilen: 131: 15ff; 132: 1ff
[The right to impose sanctions includes] the right to sentence offenders to limited terms of imprisonment. Some parliaments are empowered to impose fines.

In the United Kingdom and most other Commonwealth countries, the courts recognise the exclusive jurisdiction of parliament in matters of privilege, but conflicts have arisen between parliament and the courts in cases in which the limits of privilege are unclear.292

In the United States of America, the punitive authority of Congress is more limited than in the parliaments of the United Kingdom and some Commonwealth countries. The Constitution empowers the Congress toents or reports; [sic!] proceed against persons who breach the clearly established privileges of the two houses, for example a person who deliberately attempts to prevent a member from discharging his or her legislative duties. Congressional committees, all of which now have authority to subpoena, may bright [sic] an accusation against witnesses who refuse to cooperate, with the proviso that self-incrimination by such persons is inadmissible. Congress is not, however, vested with general punitive authority and may not determine whether a particular form of behaviour constitutes contempt of Congress.293

8.3.3 A Weapon of Being [sic] Used Against Members of Parliament

While the main purpose of the notion of “contempt of parliament” in countries where it exists is to protect the assembly and its members against acts by the Executive or the general public, members themselves may also commit the offence of contempt of parliament.


292 If, for example, parliamentary privilege is invoked as a defence in a case before the courts, it is the court which decides whether the argument is acceptable or not", Laundy, P., Parliaments in the Modern World, Aldershot, Dartmouth, 1989, pp.121-2

293 Id., p.122.

The right to impose sanctions includes the right to sentence offenders to limited terms of imprisonment.177 Some parliaments are empowered to impose fines.

In the United Kingdom and most other Commonwealth countries, the courts recognise the exclusive jurisdiction of parliament in matters of privilege, but conflicts have arisen between parliament and the courts in cases in which the limits of privilege are unclear.178

In the United States of America, the punitive authority of Congress is more limited than in the parliaments of the United Kingdom and some Commonwealth countries. The Constitution empowers the Congress to

[Seite 132]

proceed against persons who breach the clearly established privileges of the two houses, for example a person who deliberately attempts to prevent a member from discharging his or her legislative duties. Congressional committees, all of which now have authority to subpoena, may proceed against witnesses who refuse to cooperate, with the proviso that self-incrimination by such persons is inadmissible. Congress is not, however, vested with general punitive authority and may not determine whether a particular form of behaviour constitutes contempt of Congress.179

3. A weapon that can also be used against members of parliament

While the main purpose of the notion of "contempt of parliament" in countries where it exists is to protect the assembly and its members against acts by the Executive or the general public, members themselves may also commit the offence of contempt of parliament.



177 "Although it is very rarely invoked these days, it cannot be described as obsolete. As recently as 1955 the Australian House of Represenlatives sentenced two journalisls to three months' imprisonment for publishing scurrilous allegations against certain members of Parliament" (Laundy, P., op. cit., p. 121).

178 "If, for example, parliamentary privilege is invoked as a defence in a case before the courts, it is the court which decides whether the argument is acceptable or not" (Laundy, P., op. cit., pp. 121-122).

,7"/tod., [sic] p. 121.

Anmerkungen

Ein Quellenverweis für die wörtliche Übernahme fehlt hier, eine Kennzeichnung derselben auch.

Man beachte, dass sich für den anscheinend sinnlosen Tippfehler im dritten Abschnitt "toents or reports;" eine einfache Erklärung finden lässt. Auf der Vorseite wurde "(attendance, production of papers, books, documents or reports);" aus dem Quelltext gekürzt (siehe Wy/Fragment_094_01). Offenbar wurde das Ende dieses Textabschnitts "ents or reports" versehentlich hierher kopiert und mit dem korrekten "to" verschmolzen. Insgesamt ein Hinweis auf eine Übernahme im "Copy-Paste" Stil.

Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02


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