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Research on Parliamentary Privilege Concurrently Discuss Chinese National People's Congressional Privilege

von Weizhong Yi

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[1.] Wy/Fragment 096 01 - Diskussion
Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2013-09-13 07:00:23 WiseWoman
BauernOpfer, Fragment, Gesichtet, SMWFragment, Schutzlevel sysop, Van der Hulst 2000, Wy

Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 96, Zeilen: 1-18
Quelle: Van der Hulst 2000
Seite(n): 132, Zeilen: 14ff
A member who is guilty of contempt of parliament, just like any other offender, is liable to a reprimand, a term of imprisonment or a fine. Furthermore, in many Commonwealth parliaments the assembly may impose two other penalties: suspension of the member’s mandate or expulsion.

In Western countries, parliaments display considerable reluctance to exercise this right. For example, the last occasion on which the British House of Commons expelled one of its members who had been found guilty of a gross breach of privilege was in 1947.294 m In Australia, the 1987 Parliamentary Privileges Act not only abolished the authority of the two houses of parliament to punish individuals for defamation of parliamentarians, but also withdrew their authority to expel their own members.295

In other Commonwealth countries, however, cases of suspension or even expulsion for contempt of parliament occur relatively frequently. In Zambia, for example, there have been four cases over the past thirty years: In 1968, a member was suspended for the remainder of the term for racist allegations against colleagues; 296 in 1970, a member was expelled for offensive remarks that discredited the assembly;297 In 1993, a Member of Parliament and the Leader of the Opposition were accused of unjustly impugning the impartiality of the [Speaker (the member was suspended);298]


[292 If, for example, parliamentary privilege is invoked as a defence in a case before the courts, it is the court which decides whether the argument is acceptable or not", Laundy, P., Parliaments in the Modern World, Aldershot, Dartmouth, 1989, pp.121-2]

293 Id., p.122.

294 UK Parliament, Reports of the Joint Committee on Parliamentary Privilege, http://www.parliament.thestationery-office.co.uk/pa/jt199899/ jtselect/jtpriv/43/4302.htm.

295 See, Marc Van der Hulst, The Parliamentary Mandate, Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2000, p.132.

296 Id.

297 Id.

298 Id.

A member who is guilty of contempt of parliament, just like any other offender, is liable to a -reprimand, a term of imprisonment or a fine. Furthermore, in many Commonwealth parliaments the assembly may impose two other penalties: suspension of the member's mandate or expulsion.

In Western countries, parliaments display considerable reluctance to exercise this right. For example, the last occasion on which the British House of Commons expelled one of its members who had been found guilty of a gross breach of privilege was in 1947.m In Australia, the 1987 Parliamentary Privileges Act not only abolished the authority of the two houses of parliament to punish individuals for defamation of parliamentarians, but also withdrew their authority to expel their own members.

In other Commonwealth countries, however, cases of suspension or even expulsion for contempt of parliament occur relatively frequently. In Zambia, for example, there have been four cases over the past thirty years: in 1968, a Member was suspended for the remainder of the term for racist allegations against colleagues; in 1970, a Member was expelled for offensive remarks that discredited the assembly; in 1993, a Member of Parliament and the Leader of the Opposition were accused of unjustly impugning the impartiality of the Speaker (the member was suspended);

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