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Typus
BauernOpfer
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Hindemith
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Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 44, Zeilen: 1-15
Quelle: Van der Hulst 2000
Seite(n): 66, Zeilen: 66: 7ff
[Almost three hundred years later, freedom of speech established as a principle in the House of Commons at the beginning of the sixteenth century, was] reaffirmed in Article 9 of the 1689 Bill of Rights,138 which expressly stipulated that discussions and acts by MPs were exempt from all forms of interference or contestation from outside Parliament.

Today, it is still customary for Speakers, following their election at the start of the new session, to assert their rights before the House of Lords on behalf of the House of Commons, by humbly petitioning that the ancient and uncontested rights of the House of Commons be reaffirmed, particularly freedom of speech.139

The majorities of Commonwealth countries have been influenced by British tradition and have adopted similar provisions.140 But the principle of freedom of speech is not confined to the Commonwealth. The rule whereby parliamentarians cannot be prosecuted for opinions expressed or votes cast in exercise of their mandates exists in one form or another in almost all other countries.141

Therefore, the freedom of speech is not only relatively homogeneous but also a highly stable principle throughout the world. Most countries indicate that there have been no recent amendments to the relevant legislation.


138 Article 9 of the 1689 Bill of Rights, “That the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament.” http://www.constitution.org/ eng/eng_bor.htm.

139 Erskine May, 22th ed., pp.70-4.

140 Marc Van der Hulst, The Parliamentary Mandate, Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2000, p.74.

141 Id.

Almost three hundred years later, freedom of speech, established as a principle in the House of Commons at the beginning of the sixteenth century, was reaffirmed in Article 9 of the 1689 Bill of Rights, which expressly stipulated that discussions and acts by MPs were exempt from all forms of interference or contestation from outside Parliament.

Today, it is still customary for Speakers, following their election at the start of the new session, to assert their rights before the House of Lords on behalf of the House of Commons, by humbly petitioning that the ancient and uncontested rights of the House of Commons be reaffirmed, particularly freedom of speech.74

The majority of Commonwealth countries have been influenced by British tradition and have adopted similar provisions. But the principle of freedom of speech or parliamentary non-accountability is not confined to the Commonwealth. The rule whereby parliamentarians cannot be prosecuted for opinions expressed or votes cast in exercise of their mandates exists in one form or another in almost all other countries [...]

Parliamentary non-accountability or "privilege" is therefore not only relatively homogeneous but also a highly stable principle throughout the world. Most countries indicate that there have been no recent amendments to the relevant legislation.75


74 Erskine May, op. cit.y[sic] pp. 70-74.

75 [...]

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