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Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 45, Zeilen: 11-22
Quelle: Van der Hulst 2000
Seite(n): 67, Zeilen: 1ff
5.2 The Scope of Freedom of Speech

The scope of freedom of speech may be viewed from four different angles: Whom is the protection for? When does protection begin and end? Is the protection only within the precincts of Parliament or also beyond? What acts are covered by freedom of speech?

5.2.1 Person

Obviously, members of parliament are the prime beneficiaries in the case of freedom of speech, together with ministers who are also parliamentarians (in countries where the two offices are not incompatible).

In a number of countries— primarily but not exclusively those with a British parliamentary tradition (Canada, Netherlands, Switzerland, New Zealand),142 “protection is broader and extends to all persons taking part in parliamentary debates (such as ministers, even if they are not Members of parliament) or [participating in the proceedings”.143]


142 Marc Van der Hulst, The Parliamentary Mandate, Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2000, p.75.

143 Myttenacre, R., The Immunities of Members of Parliaments Constitutional and Parliamentary Information, ASGP, 1998, p.104.

(b) Scope

The scope of parliamentary non-accountability (freedom of speech) may be viewed from four different angles: ratione personae (protection for whom?), ratione temporis (when does protection begin and end?), ratione loci (protection only within the precincts of parliament or also beyond?) and ratione materiae (what acts are covered by non-accountability?).

Ratione personae

Obviously, members of parliament are the prime beneficiaries in the case of parliamentary non-accountability, together with ministers who are also parliamentarians (in countries where the two offices are not incompatible).76

In a number of countries — primarily but not exclusively those with a British parliamentary tradition (Canada, Netherlands, Switzerland, New Zealand), "protection is broader and extends to all persons taking part in parliamentary debates (such as ministers, even if they are not members of parliament) or participating in the proceedings».77


7f! [sic] In sonic [sic] countries, however (Belgium, Guinea), ministers enjoy a special category of non-accountability related to their ministerial office. In Romania, the legal non-accountability regime in respect of the political opinions of parliamentarians is also applicable to the President of the Republic.

77 Myttenacre, R., op. tit., p. 104.

Anmerkungen

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