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Typus
BauernOpfer
Bearbeiter
Hindemith
Gesichtet
Yes.png
Untersuchte Arbeit:
Seite: 90, Zeilen: 1-22
Quelle: Van der Hulst 2000
Seite(n): 117, 118, Zeilen: 117: 23ff; 118: 1ff
In the United States of America, the House of Representatives imposes a somewhat original penalty, namely loss of seniority.278 Although this penalty is more commonly imposed for failure to respect “ethical” rules than for purely disciplinary purposes, it should not be viewed as a purely symbolic sanction, because seniority is an important criterion for obtaining certain privileges (a large office) and for appointment to certain offices (e.g. committee chairperson).

8.2 Who Imposes Sanctions

As noted above, the most lenient disciplinary sanctions are usually imposed by the person chairing a particular sitting. They are applicable to minor breaches of the rules. As presiding officers are responsible for the conduct of the proceedings and for maintaining order and decorum, it stands to reason that they should issue a ruling in such cases. In France, for example, the President has sole authority to call a member to order, with or without an entry in the record, while more severe penalties (simple censure and censure with temporary expulsion) are imposed by the assembly, on the President’s proposal.279 In Luxembourg, the decision to impose disciplinary sanctions is taken by the presiding officer, except for reprimands with temporary expulsion, which require a vote by show of hands, with an absolute majority, in the Chamber. It should be noted, however, that when a member assaults a colleague, the Labour Committee is responsible for deciding, where appropriate, to issue a reprimand with temporary expulsion. While responsibility for decisions in less serious cases usually lies with the presiding officer, provision may be made for appeal in such cases.280


[272 See, Marc Van der Hulst, The Parliamentary Mandate, Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2000.]

278 Id.

279 Id.

280 Id.

In the United States of America, the House of Representatives imposes a somewhat original penalty, namely loss of seniority. Although this penalty is more commonly imposed for failure to respect "ethical" rules than for purely disciplinary purposes, it should not be viewed as a purely symbolic sanction, because seniority is an important criterion for obtaining certain privileges (a large office) and for appointment to certain offices (e.g. committee chairperson).

3. Who imposes sanctions?

As noted above, the most lenient disciplinary sanctions are usually imposed by the person chairing a particular sitting. They are applicable to minor breaches of the rules. As presiding officers are responsible for the conduct of the proceedings and for maintaining order and decorum, it stands to reason that they should issue a ruling in such cases. In France, for example, the President has sole authority to call a member to order, with or without an

[Seite 118]

entry in the record, while more severe penalties (simple censure and censure with temporary expulsion) are imposed by the assembly, on the President's proposal. In Luxembourg, the decision to impose disciplinary sanctions is taken by the presiding officer, except for reprimands with temporary expulsion, which require a vote by show of hands, with an absolute majority, in the Chamber. It should be noted, however, that when a member assaults a colleague, the Labour Committee is responsible for deciding, where appropriate, to issue a reprimand with temporary expulsion.

While responsibility for decisions in less serious cases usually lies with the presiding officer, provision may be made for appeal in such cases.

Anmerkungen

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Sichter
(Hindemith), SleepyHollow02

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